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Porn Harms 'Fact Sheet

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Wannan wata takardar shaida mai amfani da gaske ga waɗanda suke so su san game da binciken da aka yi a batsa daga 2017-2019. An wallafa shi da John Foubert, Ph.D, LLC a Amurka, mai bincike da kuma marubucin "Ta yaya Porn Harms: Menene Yara, Matasan Matasa, Iyaye & Fasto Bukata Sanin".

Yahaya ya shirya shi a cikin ɓangarori na batsa da tashin hankali, yin jima'i, abubuwan batsa, lafiyar hankali, addini da matasa. Ya ƙare tare da cikakken lissafin takardun da ya kira.

Dr Foubert zai gabatar da wannan sakon a Hadin gwiwa don kawo karshen taron jima'i a Washington DC a ranar Alhamis 13 Yuni 2019.

Rikici
  1. Hotunan batsa suna nuna rashin amincewarsu da kuma tashin hankali ga mata. Wadannan hotuna suna haifar da tsammanin jima'i na jima'i, wanda zai haifar da ci gaban jima'i wanda ba'a so, wanda zai haifar da tashin hankali (Sun, Ezzell, & Kendall, 2017).
  2. Hanyoyin amfani da batsa suna tasiri ra'ayinsu game da mata a hanyoyi masu kyau - ciki har da, amma ba'a iyakance ga, objectification, yarda da lalata zina da mata, da kuma yin jima'i da ba'a so ga mata (Mikorski & Syzmanski, 2017; Wright & Bae, 2015).
  3. Yin amfani da batsa yana iya haifar da tashin hankali lokacin da batsa ke nuna damuwa sosai, lokacin da mutum yana goyon bayan goyi bayan tashin hankali, kuma lokacin da mutum ya kasance hypermasculin kuma ya jaddada jima'i ba tare da jimawa ba (Hald & Malamuth, 2015).
  4. Idan aka kwatanta da wadanda ba sa amfani da su, wadanda aka nuna su a cikin batutuwa na batsa sun fi karfin tarin fyade da kuma mafi girma ga yiwuwar yin fyade (Romaro-Sanchez, Toro-Garcia, Horvath, & Megias, 2017).
  5. Yayin da mutum ya riga ya fara zubar da jini a wasu wurare, batsa mai rikitarwa yana da tasiri sosai wajen samar da ƙarar tashin hankali (Baer, ​​Kohut, & Fisher, 2015).
  6. Nuna kallon batsa yakan haifar da zubar da jima'i ko halayen jima'i masu haɗari irin su abokan tarayya da kuma jima'i marasa jituwa (Van Oosten, Jochen, & Vandenbosch, 2017).
  7. Yaran yara a karkashin shekarun 21 suna fama da wahalar yin amfani da labarun batsa kuma suna amfani da wannan amfani a matsayin abin da ke haifar da zalunci da wasu yara (McKibbin et al., 2017).
  8. Halaye na maza da suke haɗuwa da yiwuwar kallon hotunan yara ya hada da yin jima'i tare da namiji, riƙe da fahimtar yara a matsayin mai lalata, da abokai da suke kallon hotunan yara, yin amfani da batsa ta yau da kullum, mafi girma fiye da matsanancin matsananciyar hankula, kallon kallo batsa masu rikici, da kuma cin zarafin jima'i (Seto, Hermann, Kjellgren, Priebe, Svedin, & Langstrom, 2015).
  9. Ɗaya daga cikin dalilan da ya sa ake amfani da batsa ya shafi rikici na jima'i shine masu kallo zasu fara samarda rubutun jima'i wanda ya ƙunshi rikici sannan kuma ya nemi suyi aiki a rayuwa ta ainihi (Marshall, Miller, & Bouffard, 2018).
  10. Daga cikin maza da suke da haɗari ga aikata zinace-zinace, kallon batsa masu rikici ko batsa na yara ya ƙara haɗari ga yin haɗari da jima'i, da gaske ƙara wutar wuta da suke da ita don aikata zinare. A wasu lokuta, kallon hotunan batsa yana zama mai zane wanda yake haifar da wani mutum mai hadari wanda bazai iya yin hakan ba (Malamuth, 2018).
  11. Da zarar maza da mata suna kallon hotunan batsa, ƙananan za su shiga tsakani don taimakawa wajen hana jima'i daga faruwa (Foubert & Bridges, 2017).
Yin jima'i
  1. Mutanen da ke kallon hotunan batsa suna raguwa da matakan da suka dace da jima'i da kuma samun kwarewa a cikin ƙananan ƙananan matsayin idan aka kwatanta da wadanda ba su kalli batsa akai-akai (Wery & Billieux, 2016).
  2. Masu amfani da batsa na batsa na yau da kullum sun nuna matukar farin ciki da yin jima'i, tambayoyi game da ƙazantacciyar ƙauna, ƙananan ƙarancin kai, da kuma wasu batutuwa na hoto (Sun, Bridges, Johnson, & Ezzell, 2016).
  3. Mafi yawan hotuna da mutane suka gani, ƙananan jin daɗin jima'i suna (Wright, Bridges, Sun, Ezzell, & Johnson, 2017).
  4. Tare da yin amfani da batsa masu yawa, mutane suna da haɗari da jima'i, karin jima'i ba tare da jima'i ba, da kuma rashin jima'i da juna (Braithwaite, Coulson, Keddington, & Fincham, 2015).
  5. Mata waɗanda abokan tarayyarsu suke yin amfani da batsa basu da karfin jima'i, tare da dangantaka a gaba ɗaya, da jikinsu (Wright & Tokunaga, 2017).
Abubuwan da ke cikin batsa
  1. A cikin shekaru goma da suka gabata, batutuwa na batsa, batsa, batsa, da wariyar launin fata da aka nuna a batsa sun karu da yawa (DeKeseredy, 2015).
  2. A cikin shekaru goma da suka gabata, sha'awar batsa da ke nuna matasa (sama da ƙasa da yarda) ya karu sosai (Walker, Makin, & Morczek, 2016).
  3. Mata masu yin fina-finai a cikin hotuna bidiyo suna iya jin dadi lokacin da zalunci (kamar lalacewa, tilasta wajibi ko farfadowa mai tsauri, da tilasta tilastawa) yana kai tsaye gare su; musamman idan mai wasan kwaikwayon yaro ne. Irin wannan bidiyon na ci gaba da fahimtar cewa mata suna jin dadin kasancewa da mummunar halin halayyar jima'i (Shor, 2018).
  4. A wani shafin yanar gizo kawai, bidiyon 33.5 ya ziyarci bidiyo a 2018. Binciken yau da kullum a kan shafin ya wuce 100 miliyan. Shafin yanar gizo na 962 ya nema na biyu. Kowane biki na 63,992 a kowane minti don shiga abubuwan da ke ciki (pornhub.com).
  5. Da yawancin batsa masu kallon batsa suna kallon, mafi kusantar su yi wa matan da ke cikin wannan batsa (Skorska, Hodson & Hoffarth, 2018).
shafi tunanin mutum Lafiya
  1. Yin amfani da hotunan batsa yana haɗuwa da rashin jin daɗi a cikin dangantaka, dangantaka ta ƙasa da ƙasa, karin ƙauna da kuma yawan ciwo (Hesse & Floyd, 2019).
  2. Mata masu amfani da batsa suna iya yin kuskuren ra'ayi game da fyade kuma suna da hankali game da jikinsu (Maas & Dewey, 2018).
  3. A cikin binciken da yake kallon kwakwalwa na maza, masu bincike sun gano cewa aikin kwakwalwa a tsakanin masu amfani da batsa mai tsanani ya nuna rashin jituwa ta al'ada, kamar abu mai yawa da cin abincin caca (Gola, Wordecha, Sescousse, Lew-Starowicz, Kossowski, Wypych, Makeig, Potenza & Marchewka, 2017).
  4. Mata waɗanda abokan hulɗa da suke yin amfani da batsa suna iya samun ciwon nama (Tylka & Calogero 2019).
  5. Maza maza da suke da matakan yin amfani da batsa suna da wuya su yi aure fiye da maza da matsakaicin matakan amfani (Perry & Longest, 2018).
  6. Da zarar mutum mai aure yana cin batsa batutuwa sai ya gamsu da cewa suna cikin auren su (Perry, 2016).
Addini
  1. Mafi yawan mutane suna kallon hotunan batsa, mafi ƙanƙantawa suna bin addinin su. Bugu da ƙari, yawancin mutane suna kallon hotunan batsa, ƙananan ƙila za su kasance matsayi na jagoranci a cikin ikilisiya a cikin shekaru 6 masu zuwa (Perry, 2018).
  2. Yawancin mutanen kirki ne, yawancin lokaci suna amfani da batsa. Kuma sau da yawa suna amfani da batsa iri iri, ƙananan wataƙila za su iya zubar da mata a kan layi (Hagen, Thompson, & Williams, 2018).
  3. Ƙaunar auren dangi mafi yawa, ƙananan suna kallon hotunan batsa. Marubucin binciken ya nuna cewa yin addini na iya rage yawan kallon batsa tsakanin matan auren Amirka ta hanyar inganta haɗin kai da hadin kai a tsakanin ma'auratan, saboda haka ya rage sha'awa ko damar yin amfani da batsa (Perry, 2017).
matasa
  1. Binciken farko ya nuna cewa kwakwalwa na ado ya fi kulawa da abubuwan da ba a fahimta ba a cikin jima'i fiye da tsofaffin kwakwalwa (Brown & Wisco, 2019).
  2. Binciken nazarin nazarin 19 ya gano cewa 'yan yara da ke kallon batsa na yanar gizo sun fi dacewa su shiga cikin halayen halayen jima'i da kuma jin tsoro ko rashin ciki (Principi et al., 2019).
  3. Daga cikin matasan, batsa na yin amfani da ƙara da shekaru, musamman ga yara. Matasan da ke halartar ayyukan addini suna da sauƙin ganin hotuna (Rasmussen & Bierman, 2016).
  4. Yarar da ke amfani da batsa suna iya yin zina da jima'i (Peter & Valkenburg, 2016, Ybarra & Thompson, 2017).
  5. Matasan da suke amfani da batsa suna iya haifar da zumuntar iyali (Peter & Valkenburg, 2016).
  6. Maza da suka bayar da rahoton yin amfani da batsa a lokacin yarinyar da suka biyo bayan yin amfani da batsa, sukan ci gaba da kallon abubuwa da yawa, ciki har da tashin hankali, don kula da abin da ya faru. Yawancin lokaci waɗannan mutane basu da sha'awar yin jima'i kamar yadda ake kallon su kamar yadda ba su da sha'awa. Maza sukan rasa iyawar yin jima'i da abokin hulɗa na ainihi. Wadansu da suka bauɗe batsa sun sami nasarar "sake farfadowa" kuma sun sake dawowa da damar yin shiryawa tare da abokin tarayya (Begovic, 2019).
  7. Yara da ke kallon hotunan batsa zasu iya shiga cikin jima'i da aika sako da kuma jima'i (Stanley et al., 2016).
  8. Sauran yara na kallon hotunan batsa yana haɗuwa da ƙara yawan tayar da hankali da jima'i (Stanley et al., 2016).
  9. A cikin mutanen da ke da shekaru 10-21, ci gaba da yin tasiri ga batsa mai cin hanci da rashawa yana haifar da cin zarafin jima'i, jima'i da jima'i, yunkurin fyade, da fyade (Ybarra & Thompson, 2017).
  10. Yara masu amfani da labarun batsa sun raunana rai (Willoughby, Young-Petersen, & Leonhardt, 2018).
  11. Matasa da ke kallon batsa suna zama marasa addini a tsawon lokaci (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  12. Matasa masu kallon hotunan batsa sun fi zubar da jima'i (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  13. Yara maza da suke kallon batsa akai-akai suna iya ci gaba da yin jima'i (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  14. Yawancin lokaci matasa suna kallon hotunan batsa, yawanci zasu halarci ayyukan addini sau da yawa, ƙananan bangaskiyar su a gare su shine, da sau da yawa suna yin addu'a da jin kusa da Allah kuma suna da shakka cewa suna da (Alexandraki et al. , 2018).
  15. Matasan da suke da alaka da shugabannin addinai suna da ƙananan batutuwan batsa (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  16. Matasa masu kallon batsa akai-akai suna iya samun matsalolin dangantaka tare da abokansu (Alexandraki, et al., 2018).
  17. Yara da suke amfani da batsa yawancin lokaci suna iya zama kisa ko babba (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  18. Matasa masu amfani da batsa suna da mummunan dangantaka tare da iyayensu, ƙaddamar da sadaukar da kai ga iyalinsu, sun gaskata iyayensu ba su kula da su ba, kuma suna sadarwa tare da iyayensu ba tare da iyayensu ba (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  19. Matasa masu kallon batsa suna iya fara yin jima'i a farkon shekaru. Wannan farkon lokacin yin jima'i ne saboda karin halayyar halayyar kai tsaye game da jima'i wanda ke da alaka da yin amfani da batsa (Van Oosten, Jochen, & Vandenbosch, 2017).
  20. Tambayar matasa idan sun yi amfani da batsa ba su da tasirin ko za su iya samun damar yin amfani da batsa a nan gaba (Koletic, Cohen, Stulhofer, & Kohut, 2019).

References

Alexandraki, K., Stavropoulos, V., Anderson, E., Latifi, MQ, da Gomez, R. (2018). Hotunan batirin yara sunyi amfani da su: Tsarin wallafe-wallafen wallafe-wallafe game da al'amuran bincike 2000-2017. Binciken Ayyuka na yau da kullum na 14 (47) doi.org/10.2174/2211556007666180606073617.

Baer, ​​JL, Kohut, T., & Fisher, WA (2015). Ana amfani da hotunan batsa tare da tsokanar mata da zina'i? Sake nazarin Modeling tare da sharuddan la'akari na uku. Littafin Kanada na Ɗan Mutum, 24 (2), 160-173.

Begovic, H. (2019) Hanyoyin kwaikwayo ta haifar da rashin lahani a tsakanin samari. Tsarki: A Jarida a kan Harkokin Jima'i da Rikicin, 4 (1), Mataki na ashirin da 5. DOI: 10.23860 / dignity.2019.04.01.05

Braithwaite, S., Coulson, G., Keddington, K., & Fincham, F. (2015). Rinjayar batsa a kan rubutun jima'i da kuma haɗuwa a tsakanin masu tsufa a koleji. Labaran Harkokin Jima'i, 44 (1), 111-123

Brown, JA & Wisco, JJ (2019). Abubuwan nauyin kwakwalwa na matasa da kuma ƙwarewa ga abin da ke tattare da jima'i. Littafin jarida, 72, 10-13.

DeKeseredy, WS (2015). Sanin fahimtar cin zarafi game da batsa batsa da kuma cin zarafin mata: Sabbin hanyoyi na gaba a cikin bincike da ka'idar. Jaridar Duniya ta Laifi, Shari'a da Social Democracy, 4, 4-21.

Foubert, JD & Bridges, AJ (2017). Mene ne jan hankali? Fahimtar bambance-bambancen jinsi tsakanin dalilai don kallon batsa a dangantaka da tsayayyar juna. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32 (20), 3071-3089.

Gola, M. Wordecha, M., Sescousse, G., Lew-Starowicz, M., Kossowski, B., Wypch, M., Makeig, S., Potenza, MN & Marchewka, A. (2017). Shin batsa zai iya yin haɗari? Nazarin fMRI na maza da ke neman magani don maganin batsa. Neuropsyhopharmacology, 42 (10), 2021-2031.

Hagen, T., Thompson, MP, & Williams, J. (2018). Addini na addini ya rage rage cin zarafin jima'i da tursasawa a cikin ƙungiyar masu zaman kansu na koleji: Matsayin da ake yi wa al'amuran ƙwaƙwalwa, lalata, da batsa. Littafin jarida don nazarin ilimin kimiyya na addini, 57, 95-108.

Hald, G., & Malamuth, M. (2015). Harkokin gwaji na daukan hotuna: Hotuna masu tasiri na hali da kuma yin tasiri akan tasirin jima'i. Labaran Harkokin Jima'i, 44 (1), 99-109.

Hesse, C. & Floyd, K. (2019). Ƙaunar ƙauna: Rashin tasirin batsa a kan dangantaka ta kusa. Jaridar Social da Personal Relationships. DOI: 10.1177 / 0265407519841719.

Koletic, G., Cohen, N., Stulhofer, A., & Kohut, T. (2019). Shin tambayar matasa game da batsa suna amfani da su? Gwajin gwajin tambaya-hali. Journal of Sex Research, 56 (2), 1-18.

Maas, MK & Dewey, S. (2018). Amfani da batsa ta yanar gizo a tsakanin mata masu haɗin gwiwar: Abubuwan jinsi, kulawa da jiki, da halayyar jima'i. SAGE Open, DOI: 10.1177 / 2158244018786640.

Malamuth, NM (2018). "Ƙara man fetur zuwa wuta"? Shin hangen nesa ga wanda ba mai yarda ba ne ko kuma yaran batsa ya kara yawan haɗari na tashin hankali da jima'i? Zalunci da Zalunci, 41, 74-89.

Marshall, EA, Miller, HA, & Bouffard, JA (2018). Gudanar da raguwa maras amfani: Yin amfani da ka'idar rubutun jima'i don bayyana dangantakar dake tsakanin batsa da kuma yin jima'i. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, DOI: 10.1177 / 0886260518795170.

McKibbin, G., Humphreys, C., & Hamilton, B. (2017). "Tattaunawa game da cin zarafin yara zai taimaka mini": Matasa da ke cin zarafin jima'i suna yin tunani game da hana halayen jima'i. Ƙarƙashin Ƙarya da Ƙarfin yara, 70, 210-221.

Mikorski, RM, & Szymanski, D. (2017). Tsarin namiji, ƙungiyar matasa, hotuna, Facebook, da kuma abubuwan da maza suka sanya wa mata. Psychology na Men da Masculinity, 18 (4), 257-267.

Perry, SL (2018). Yadda batsa ke amfani da shi ya rage sa hannu cikin shugabanci na gari: Bayanan bincike. Binciken Nazarin Addini, DOI: 10.1007 / s13644-018-0355-4.

Perry, SL (2017). Spousal religiosity, haɗin addini, da kuma batsa amfani. Labaran Harkokin Jima'i, 46 (2), 561-574.

Perry, SL (2016). Daga sharri zuwa muni? Amfani da batsa, batutuwan auren mata, jinsi, da darajar aure. Cibiyoyin Lafiya, 31 (2), 441-464.

Perry, S. & Mafi tsawo, K. (2018). Amfani da batsa da shigar aure lokacin da aka fara girma: Abubuwan da aka samu daga binciken ɗaliban matasa na Amirka. Tarihin Jima'i, DOI: 10.31235 / osf.io / xry3z

Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. (2016). Matasa da batsa: Binciken shekaru 20 na bincike. Littafin Labaran Jima'i, 53 (4-5), 509-531.

Pornhub.com (2019). https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2018-year-in-review

Principi, N., Magnoni, P., Grimoldi, L., Carnevali, D. Cavazzana, L. da Pellai, A. (2019). Amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin layi na intanet da abubuwan da ke faruwa akan lafiyar kananan yara: Shaidun da suka gabata daga wallafe-wallafe. Minerva Pediatrics, danna: 10.23736 / S0026-4946.19.05367-2.

Rasmussen, K. & Bierman, A. (2016). Ta yaya halartar addini ya kasance siffar hotunan batsa ta amfani da yarinya? Littafin jarida, 49, 191-203.

Romaro-Sanchez, M., Toro-Garcia, V., Horvath, MAH, da Megias, JL (2015). Ƙari fiye da mujallar: Binciken hanyoyin

tsakanin lads 'mags, fyade sirrin yarda da kuma fyade proclivity. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1-20. Doi: 10.1177 / 0886260515586366

Seto, MC, Hermann, CA, Kjellgren, C., Priebe, G., Sveden, C. & Langstro, N. (2014). Dubi hotunan batsa na yara: Raba da ƙwayar cuta da kuma daidaitawa a cikin samfurin wakilci na matasa matasa Sweden. Labaran Harkokin Jima'i, 44 (1), 67-79.

Shor, E. (2018). Shekaru, zalunci, da kuma jin dadi a cikin bidiyon bidiyo mai ban sha'awa. Rikici da Mata, DOI: 10.1188 / 1077801218804101.

Skorska, MN, Hodson, G. & Hoffarth, MR (2018). Hanyoyin gwaji na lalata kyamarar hotuna da ke nunawa a cikin maza a kan halayen mata (zance, jima'i, nuna bambanci). Littafin Kanada na Ɗan Mutum, 27 (3), 261-276.

Stanley, N., Barter, C., Wood, M., Aghtaie, N., Larkins, C., Lanau, A., & Overlien, C. (2018). Batsa, batsa da kuma zalunci da kuma yin jima'i a tsakanin matasa. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33 (19), 2919-2944.

Sun, C., Bridges, A., Johnson, J., & Ezzell, M. (2016). Hotuna da kuma jima'i na jima'i: Wani bincike game da amfani da jima'i. Labaran Harkokin Jima'i, 45 (4), 995-995.

Sun, C, Ezzell, M., Kendall, O. (2017). Rashin zalunci: Ma'anar ma'anar yadawa akan fuskar mace. Rikici da Mata, 23 (14) 1710-1729.

Tylka, TL & Calogero, RM (2019). Hanyoyin fahimtar matsalolin maza da mata don yin rikici da batsa: Abokan hulɗa tare da cin abincin alamu a cikin samfurin mata na mata. Littafin Labaran Lafiya na Duniya, danna: 10.1002 / eat.22991.

Van Oosten, J., Jochen, P., & Vandenbosch, L. (2017). 'Yan matasan' yan jarida na amfani da shirye-shirye don yin jima'i: Harkokin bambanci da mahimmancin matakai. Neman Harkokin Sadarwar Jama'a, 43 (1), 127-147.

Walker, A., Makin, D., & Morczek, A. (2016). Gano Lolita: Binciken kwatankwacin sha'awa ga matasa game da batsa. Jima'i da Al'adu, 20 (3), 657-683.

Wery, A. da Billieux, J. (2016). Ayyukan jima'i na yau da kullum: Binciken bincike game da matsalolin matsala da marasa amfani a samfurin maza. Kwamfuta a cikin Halin Dan Adam, 56 (Maris), 257.

Willoughby, B., Young-Petersen, B., & Leonhardt, N. (2018). Binciken fassarar batsa ta amfani da matashi da kuma tsufa. Littafin Labaran Jima'i, 55 (3), 297-309.

Wright, P., & Bae, J. (2015). Nazarin ilimin cin zarafin kasa da kasa da kuma bayar da halaye game da mata. Jima'i da Al'adu, 19 (3), 444-463.

Wright, PJ, Bridges, AJ, Sun, Ch, Ezzell, M. & Johnson, JA (2018). Bidiyo na sirri na sirri da kuma jin dadin rayuwar mutum: Abinda aka yi amfani dashi. Littafin jarida na Jima'i da Jima'i, 44, 308-315.

Wright, PJ, & Tokunaga, RS (2017). Harkokin mata game da abubuwanda suka shafi batsa da abokiyar jima'i, jima'i, kai, da kuma gamsuwar jiki: zuwa ga misali. Annals na Ƙungiyar Ƙasashen Duniya, 42 (1), 55-73.

Ybarra, M., & Thompson, R. (2017). Yarda da fitowar tashin hankali a lokacin yaro. Rigakafin Kimiyya: Jaridar Jarida na Cibiyar Rigakafin Rigakafin. DOI 10.1007 / s11121-017-0810-4

Idan kana son komawa ga asalin wannan, duba: https://www.johnfoubert.com/porn-research-fact-sheet-2019

Ga jerin jerin takardun da aka buga a cikin 2016. https://www.johnfoubert.com/porn-research-fact-sheet

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