https://www.yourbrainonporn.com/relevant-research-and-articles-about-the-studies/brain-studies-on-porn-users-sex-addicts/#brain

Nazarin Neurological akan Amfani da Kwayoyin

Masana kimiyya sunyi amfani da nazarin ilimin lissafi don kallo tasirin batsa ta amfani da kayan aiki ciki har da FMRI, MRI da EEG. Sun kuma kirkiro neuro-endocrine da bincike neuro-pyschological. Wannan shafin an daidaita shi daga Yourbrainonporn.com. Da fatan ziyarci Yourbrainonporn.com idan kuna son karin bayani game da sababbin bincike akan tasirin batsa.

Ana nazarin nazarin binciken ne a cikin hanyoyi biyu. Na farko da kwakwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar kwakwalwa ta canza kowane rahoton. A ƙasa an tsara wannan karatun a ranar da aka buga, tare da fassarar bayani da bayani.

Lists ta hanyar ƙwaƙwalwar haɗin ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa: Kwararrun kwakwalwa huɗu da suka canzawa ta hanyar buri ne aka bayyana ta George F. Koob da kuma Nora D. Volkow a cikin binciken su. Koob shi ne Daraktan Cibiyar Nazarin Harkokin Maganin Alcohol da Alcoholism (NIAAA), kuma Volkow shi ne darektan Cibiyar Nazarin Harkokin Cutar Abuka (NIDA). An buga shi a cikin New England Journal of Medicine: Neurobiologic Ci gaba daga Ciwon ƙwayar cuta na Brain (2016). Wannan takarda ya kwatanta babban saurin kwakwalwa da ya shafi magungunan miyagun ƙwayoyi da halayya, yayin da yake bayyana a farkon sakin layi cewa jima'i ya kasance:

"Mun ƙaddara cewa ciwon daji ya ci gaba da tallafawa tsarin ƙwayar cuta na kwakwalwa. Neuroscience bincike a cikin wannan yanki ba kawai bayar da sabon damar don rigakafin da magani na jaraba da abubuwa da kuma abin da ya shafi addiction (misali, don abinci, jima'i, da caca) .... "

Kundin Volkow & Koob ya nuna jaraba na asali guda hudu - ya sa kwakwalwa ya canza, wanda shine: 1) Sensitization, 2) Rashin ƙarewa, 3) Hanyoyi na farko na dysfunctional (hypofrontality), 4) Malfunctioning stress system. Dukkanin 4 na kwakwalwar kwakwalwa an gano su a cikin binciken binciken da ba a yi a wannan shafin ba:

  • Nazarin binciken sanarwa (cue-reactivity & cravings) a cikin batsa masu amfani / jima'i addicts: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21.
  • Nazarin binciken lalatawa ko haɓaka (wanda ya haifar da haƙuri) a cikin masu amfani da batsa / jima'i: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
  • Nazarin nazarin rahoton rashin talauci na gudanar da aiki (hypofrontality) ko musanya aiki na farko a masu amfani da batsa / jima'i addicts: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
  • Nazarin yana nuna a dysfunctional danniya tsarin a masu amfani da batsa / jima'i: 1, 2, 3.

Lists by kwanan wata da aka buga: Jerin da ya biyo baya ya ƙunshi dukkanin nazarin binciken da ba'a shafi a kan masu amfani da batsa da jima'i ba. Kowace binciken da aka lissafa a ƙasa yana tare da bayanin ko samfurin, kuma ya nuna wane daga cikin ƙwayoyin kwakwalwa ta 4 da ake danganta da asibiti (s) kawai da aka tattauna akan binciken da ya samu:

1) Bincike na farko game da abubuwan da ke da rikice-rikice da nau'i na neuroanatomical na halayen jima'i mai haɗari (Miner et al., 2009) - [matakan farko na dysfunctional / poorer] - binciken na FMRI wanda ya shafi jima'i da jima'i. Nazarin yayi rahoton karin halayya a cikin aikin Go-NoGo a cikin jima'i na maza (mazauna mata da maza) idan aka kwatanta da mahalarta mahalarta. Brain scans bayyana cewa jima'i addicts ya tsara tsari prefrontal cortex farin kwayoyin halitta idan aka kwatanta da controls. Excerpts:

Bugu da ƙari da matakan da aka yi na sama da kai, masu lafiya na CSB sun nuna karin motsi a kan wani hali, tsarin Go-No Go.

Sakamakon kuma ya nuna cewa marasa lafiyar CSB sun nuna mahimmanci mafi girman matsayi na gaba da ke gaba gaba ɗaya (MD) fiye da masu sarrafawa. Wani bincike na daidaitawa ya nuna ƙungiyoyi masu mahimmanci tsakanin matakan gaggawa da ƙananan ƙananan ƙananan ƙwayoyin cutar (FA) da kuma MD, amma babu ƙungiyoyi da ke da ƙananan yankin gaba. Binciken da aka kwatanta sun nuna mummunar haɗuwa tsakanin haɓaka na gaba da lobe MD da kuma kayan kirkirar jima'i.

2) Kai-bayar da rahoton bambance-bambance kan matakan zartarwa aiki da kuma jima'i hali a cikin wani haƙuri da al'umma samfurin na maza (Reid et al., 2010) - [poorer zartarwa aikin] - Wani bayani:

Maganin neman taimako ga halin jima'i sukan nuna halaye na rashin hanzari, ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwararru, rashin adalci, da ƙazantar da ka'ida, da damuwa da damuwa da jima'i. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan halaye ma suna kasancewa a tsakanin marasa lafiya da ke nunawa da ilimin lissafin jiki wanda ke hade da zartarwa. Wadannan bayanai sun haifar da bincike akan bambancin dake tsakanin ƙungiyoyi na marasa lafiya na hypersexual (n = 87) da kuma samfurin maza ba tare da jima'i ba (n = 92) na maza ta amfani da Inventory Rating Inventory of Exercise Function-Adult Version Hypersexual hali ya dace tare da ƙididdigar labaran duniya na dysfunction shugabanci da kuma wasu alamu na BRIEF-A. Wadannan binciken sun samar da hujjoji na farko da suka goyi bayan ra'ayin cewa zubar da zartarwa na iya zama mai rikitarwa a cikin halin halayya ta maza.

3) Yin kallon batsa Hotuna a yanar-gizon: Matsayin Harkokin Jima'i da Abubuwan Lafiyar Harkokin Lafiyar Jama'a don Yin Amfani da Intanit Intanet Tafiyewa (Brand et al., 2011) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / farfadowa da rashin aikin haɓaka] - Wani bayani:

Sakamako ya nuna cewa matsalolin da aka ruwaito a cikin rayuwar yau da kullum da aka danganta da ayyukan jima'i na yau da kullum sunyi la'akari da matakan jima'i na jima'i na batsa, batutuwa na duniya da alamun cututtuka, da kuma yawan aikace-aikacen jima'i da aka yi amfani dashi lokacin da suke kan shafukan intanet a rayuwar yau da kullum, yayin da lokacin da aka yi amfani da shafukan yanar gizo na Intanet (minti a kowace rana) bai taimaka sosai ba wajen bayani game da bambancin a IATsex. Mun ga wasu daidaito tsakanin halayen kwakwalwa da kwakwalwa wanda zai iya taimakawa wajen kiyaye cybersex mai tsanani da kuma wadanda aka bayyana ga mutane da mahimmanci.

4) Halin Hotuna na Hotuna yana Kashe tare da Ayyukan Ayyukan Ayyuka (Laier et al., 2013) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / farfadowa da rashin aikin haɓaka] - Wani bayani:

Wasu mutane suna bayar da rahoton matsaloli a lokacin da bayan bayanan jima'i na Intanet, irin su barcin barci da manta da alƙawura, waɗanda suke da alaƙa da sakamakon lalacewa. Wata hanyar da zata iya haifar da wadannan matsalolin ita ce, jima'i a lokacin jima'i na Intanit zai iya tsangwama tare da damar aiki na ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya (WM), wanda ya haifar da sakaci game da bayanan muhallin da ya dace da kuma yanke shawarar yanke hukunci mara kyau. Sakamakon ya nuna mummunan aikin WM a cikin yanayin hoto na aikin 4-baya da aka kwatanta da yanayin hotunan guda uku. Ana tattauna zane game da jaraba ta Intanet saboda wulakancin WM ta bayanan jita-jita da aka sani da sanannun abubuwa.

5) Hanyoyin Cikin Jima'i Sun Kashe Tare da Yanke-Yanke A Kan Ambiguity (Laier et al., 2013) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / farfadowa da rashin aikin haɓaka] - Wani bayani:

Sakamakon yanke shawara ya fi mummunan lokacin da hotunan jima'i suka haɗu da haɗarin katunan ajiya idan aka kwatanta da aikin yayin da aka haɗu da hotunan jima'i tare da magunguna masu kyau. Maɗaukaki na jima'i yana jagorancin dangantaka tsakanin yanayin aiki da yanke shawara. Wannan binciken ya jaddada cewa jima'i yana jituwa da yanke shawara, wanda zai iya bayyana dalilin da yasa wasu mutane ke samun sakamako mai kyau a cikin hanyar amfani da yanar gizo.

6) Shawarar yanar gizo na Cybersex: Rashin jima'i a lokacin kallon hotunan batsa kuma ba ma'amala na ainihin rayuwar dangi ba ke haifar da bambanci (Laier et al., 2013) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / farfadowa da rashin aikin haɓaka] - Wani bayani:

Sakamakon ya nuna cewa alamun nuna sha'awar jima'i da sha'awar shafukan yanar-gizon Intanet sunyi tsammanin halin da ake ciki don cin zarafin cybersex a cikin binciken farko. Bugu da ƙari kuma, an nuna cewa masu amfani da yanar gizo na mai matsala suna ba da rahoto game da halayen jima'i da kuma haɗari da suka haifar da gabatarwar hotuna. A cikin binciken duka biyu, adadin da inganci tare da ma'amala na ainihi ba su da alaka da buri na cybersex. Sakamakon yana goyan baya ga ƙaddamarwa, wanda ya zama ƙarfafawa, tsarin ilmantarwa, da kuma sha'awar zama matakai masu dacewa a ci gaba da kuma kiyaye tsangwama na cybersex. Magance ko rashin jin daɗi na lambobin sadarwar jima'i ba za su iya ba da cikakken bayani game da jima'i na yanar gizo ba.

7) Jima'i Jima'i, ba da namiji da jima'i ba, yana da alaka da Amsoshin Neurophysiological Elicited by Sexual Images (Steele et al., 2013) - [mafi girma mai juyayi na haɓakawa tare da rashin sha'awar jima'i: haɓakawa da haɓaka] - Wannan nazarin EEG ya touted a cikin kafofin yada labarai a matsayin shaida game da wanzuwar batsa ta jima'i / jima'i. Ba haka ba. Steele et al. 2013 tana taimakawa wajen kasancewar batutuwan batsa biyu kuma batsa yana amfani da ƙarancin jima'i. Ta yaya? Binciken ya ba da rahoton mafi girma na EEG (dangane da hotuna masu tsauraran ra'ayi) lokacin da aka nuna hotuna a cikin hotuna. Nazarin da ke nunawa yana nuna cewa wani P300 mai girma yana faruwa a yayin da aka ba da jita-jita ga alamun (irin su hotuna) da suka shafi jaraba.

A layi tare da Jami'ar Jami'ar Cambridge ta duba nazari, wannan nazarin EEG ya ruwaito mafi girma da kwarewa akan batsa da ke haɓaka tare da rashin sha'awar yin jima'i. Don sanya shi wata hanya - mutane da yawa da aka hawan kwakwalwa zuwa batsa zai fi dacewa da batsa fiye da yin jima'i da mutum na ainihi. Abin mamaki, binciken mai magana da yawun Nicole Farko sun yi iƙirarin cewa masu amfani da batsa kawai suna da "babban libido," duk da haka sakamakon binciken ya ce daidai akasin (son sha'awar jinsin auren jima'i da aka haɗu da su dangane da yin amfani da batsa).

Tare da waɗannan biyu Steele et al. binciken da aka nuna yana nuna mafi yawan kwakwalwa zuwa labarun (hotuna), duk da haka ba a mayar da hankali ga ladabi ba (jima'i da mutum). Dukkanansu suna da alamun jaraba. Kwamfuta shida masu dubawa sun bayyana gaskiya: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Har ila yau, ga wannan m YBOP mai sharhi.

Baya ga yawancin da'awar da aka yi a cikin manema labaru, yana da damuwa cewa nazarin 2013 EGG na Prause ya yi nazari a kan jarrabawa, yayin da ya sha wahala daga maƙasudin maƙasudin tafarki: 1) batutuwa sun kasance mahaukaci (maza, mata, wadanda ba na namiji ba); 2) batutuwa sun kasance ba a kariya ba saboda rashin kwakwalwa ko ƙwayar cuta; 3) binciken ya babu wani rukuni don kwatantawa; 4) tambayoyi sun kasance ba a tabbatar dashi don yin amfani da batsa ko buri ba.

8) Tsarin Brain da Haɗin Haɗin Haɗakarwa Tare da Kuskuren Ciniki: Brain on Porn (Kuhn & Gallinat, 2014) - [ƙuntatawa, haɗuwa, da kuma matakan farko na dysfunctional]. Wannan binciken na Max Planck fMRI ya ruwaito rahoton 3 na binciken da ke tattare da matakan da ake amfani dashi: (1) ƙananan sakamako kayan aiki na launin fata (dorsal striatum), (2) ƙayyadadden ladaran aiki yayin da ke kallon jima'i, (3) tsakanin dorsal striatum da dorsolateral cortex cortex. Masu binciken sun fassara abubuwan da aka gano a cikin 3 a matsayin nuni da sakamakon tasirin hotuna mai tsawo. Kamfanin ya ce,

Wannan yana cikin layi tare da tsinkayar cewa tasiri mai tsanani ga batutuwa na batsa ya haifar da tsarin ƙaddamar da yanayin karɓan halitta ta hanyar jima'i..

Lokacin da yake kwatanta rashin haɗin aiki tsakanin PFC da striatum binciken ya ce,

Rashin aiki na wannan kewaye yana da alaƙa da zabi marasa dacewa, kamar neman ƙwayoyi, ko da kuwa sakamakon mummunan sakamako

Mai jagoranci Simone Kühn yayi sharhi a cikin sanarwar Max Planck:

Muna tsammanin cewa batutuwa da ke da batutuwa masu girma suna bukatar kara ƙarfafawa don karɓar nauyin adadin. Wannan na iya nufin cewa yin amfani da batsa ta yau da kullum ko fiye ko žasa ya fitar da tsarin aikin ku. Wannan zai dace daidai da tsammanin tsarin haɗin su na bukatar ƙarfafawa.

9) Abubuwan da ke tattare da jigilar jima'i a cikin Mutum tare da ba tare da halayen jima'i ba.Voon et al., 2014) - [mahimmanci / cue-reactivity da kuma raguwa] Na farko a cikin jerin jami'o'in Jami'ar Cambridge sun gano irin wannan nauyin kwakwalwa a cikin abin da ake yi a kan magunguna (batutuwa na CSB) kamar yadda ake gani a cikin magungunan miyagun ƙwayoyi da kuma masu maye - mafi yawan abin da ke nunawa ko kuma jijiyar. Mai bincike Valerie Voon Ya ce:

Akwai bambancin bambanci a cikin kwakwalwar kwakwalwa tsakanin marasa lafiya da ke da halayyar jima'i da masu aikin sa kai na lafiya. Wadannan bambance-bambance sun kwatanta da wadanda ke shan magani.

Voon et al., 2014 kuma sun gano cewa abincin batsa ya dace dabarar da aka yarda dashi na son "shi" mafi, amma ba sa son "shi". Musamman:

Idan aka kwatanta da masu saran lafiya, batutuwa na CSB sun fi sha'awar jima'i ko sha'awar bayyana ra'ayoyin kuma sun fi sha'awar ƙididdigar ra'ayoyin, don haka suna nuna rashin daidaituwa tsakanin ƙauna da ƙaunar

Masu binciken sun kuma bayar da rahoton cewa 60% na batutuwa (matsakaicin shekarun: 25) yana da wuyar samun samfuri / haɗin kai tare da abokan hulɗa, duk da haka zai iya cimma burbushin da batsa. Wannan yana nuna mahimmanci ko al'ada. Excerpts:

Batutuwa na CSB sun ruwaito cewa sakamakon mummunan amfani da kayan aiki na jima'i ... .. raguwa ya rage libido ko aiki na musamman musamman a cikin dangantaka ta jiki da mata (ko da yake ba a cikin dangantaka da jima'i ba).

Batutuwa na CSB idan aka kwatanta da masu aikin sa kai na lafiya sun fi wahalar matsala tare da jima'i da jima'i kuma sun fuskanci matsaloli masu mahimmanci a cikin jima'i amma ba ga abin da ke tattare da jima'i ba.

10) Hanyar Harkokin Kulawa Game da Harkokin Jima'i a cikin Mutum tare da ba tare da halayen jima'i ba.Mechelmans et al., 2014) - [mahimmanci / cue-reactivity] - Nazarin Jami'ar Cambridge na biyu. Wani bayani:

Abubuwan da muka gano game da abin da ya kamata mu kara da hankali ... sunyi tunanin yiwuwar haɓaka tare da kulawa da hankali da hankali akan nazarin magungunan miyagun ƙwayoyi a cikin rikici na tsari. Wadannan binciken sun haɗa da binciken da suka faru kwanan nan game da karuwar jigilar hanzari a cikin hanyar sadarwa kamar yadda aka tsara a cikin binciken nazarin magungunan miyagun ƙwayoyi da kuma bada tallafi ga dalili na motsa jiki na jaraba wanda ke haifar da amsawar aberrant zuwa jima'i a cikin [ batal addicts]. Wannan binciken ya damu tare da bincikenmu na kwanan nan cewa bidiyon bidiyo na jima'i an hade da mafi girma a cikin hanyar sadarwa mai kama da abin da aka lura a cikin nazarin magunguna. Bukatar mafi girma ko sha'awar maimakon ƙaunar da aka haɓaka da haɗin kai a cikin wannan cibiyar sadarwa. Wadannan nazarin tare suna bada goyon baya ga ka'idar motsa jiki na jarabawa wanda ke haifar da amsawar aberrant game da jima'i a cikin CSB.

11) Cybersex buri a cikin 'yan mata mata masu amfani da batsa na batsa na intanet zasu iya bayyanawa ta hanyar jaddada yarda (Laier et al., 2014) - [mafi girma sha'awa / haɓakawa] - Wani bayani:

Mun bincika XUUMX mata na IPU da 51 mata masu amfani da Intanet (NIPU). Yin amfani da tambayoyi, mun yi nazari akan rashin ciwon hauka na cybersex gaba daya, da kuma haɓaka ga halayyar jima'i, matsananciyar halayen jima'i, da kuma mummunan cututtuka. Bugu da ƙari, an gudanar da wani gwajin gwaji, ciki har da kwatancin ra'ayi na 51 hotuna, da kuma alamun nuna sha'awa. Sakamakon ya nuna cewa IPU ta zana hotunan hotuna kamar yadda ya fi dacewa kuma ya ruwaito mafi girma da sha'awar saboda hotunan hoton batsa idan aka kwatanta da NIPU. Bugu da ƙari, sha'awar sha'awa, jima'i na hotunan hotuna, da hankali ga jima'i da jima'i, matsalolin rikice-rikicen hali, da kuma mummunan cututtuka na kwakwalwa da ke nuna alamun da ake yi wa cybersex a cikin IPU. Kasancewa cikin dangantaka, yawan lambobin sadarwar jima'i, samun gamsuwa tare da saduwa da jima'i, da kuma amfani da cybersex mai hulɗa ba su da dangantaka da tsangwama na cybersex. Wadannan sakamakon suna cikin layi tare da waɗanda aka ruwaito ga maza maza da mata a binciken da suka gabata. Neman binciken da aka karfafa game da jima'i na jima'i, hanyoyin dabarun ilmantarwa, da kuma rawar da za a yi da kuma karuwar halayen cybersex a IPU ya kamata a tattauna.

12) Abubuwan Hulɗa da Ƙididdiga Masu Tarihi game da Abubuwan Taimakawa Cybersex Addiction Daga Harkokin Bincike na Zuciya (Laier et al., 2014) - [mafi girma sha'awa / haɓakawa] - Wani bayani:

An tattauna yanayin da ake kira cybersex buri (CA) da kuma hanyoyin da ake gudanarwa. Ayyukan da suka gabata sun nuna cewa wasu mutane na iya zama masu sauƙi ga CA, yayin da ƙarfin ƙarfafawa da haɓakawa da ake gani ana daukar su su zama ginshiƙan tsarin ci gaban CA. A cikin wannan binciken, 155 mazaje maza da mata maza sun ƙididdige hotunan 100 hotuna kuma sun nuna haɓakawar haɗuwa da jima'i. Bugu da ƙari, abubuwan da ake nufi da CA, da hankali ga jima'i da jima'i, da kuma yin amfani da jima'i cikin jima'i an tsara su. Sakamakon binciken ya nuna cewa akwai dalilai na rashin lafiyar zuwa CA kuma ya samar da shaida ga muhimmancin jima'i da dullfunctional aiki a cikin ci gaba na CA.

13) Abinda ke ciki, Daidaitawa da Hanyar Harkokin Jima'i (Kyauta)Banca et al., 2015) - [gagarumin sha'awar / farfadowa da haɓaka / haɓakawa] - Wani nazarin Kimiyya na Jami'ar Cambridge na fMRI. Idan aka kwatanta da masu rinjaye na batsa sun fi sha'awar jima'i da kuma abubuwan da suka shafi yanayin batsa. Duk da haka, kwakwalwar magungunan batsa suna cike da sauri zuwa hotuna. Tun da sha'awar sabon ba a riga ya kasance ba, an yi imani da cewa jita-jita batsa yana kokarin neman sabon abu a ƙoƙari na cin nasara akan labarun da kuma lalata.

Harkokin jima'i mai haɗaka (CSB) an hade da ingantaccen fifiko na sha'awar jima'i, idan aka kwatanta da siffofin sarrafawa, da kuma ra'ayi na kowa don alamun da aka tsara don yin jima'i da kudi tare da tsaka tsaki idan aka kwatanta da masu sa ran lafiya. Kamfanonin CSB sun kasance sun fi girma da yawa don yin amfani da jima'i tare da zane-zane tare da mahimmancin halayen da ke haɓakawa tare da ingantaccen zaɓi don cin zarafin jima'i. Hanyoyin halayyar da ke tattare da jima'i ba tare da nuna bambanci ba daga abubuwan da ake son su da sha'awar sha'awa. Wannan binciken ya nuna cewa mutane CSB suna da wani zaɓi na dysfunctional da za a iya ingantawa don yin jima'i da yiwuwar yin amfani da shi tare da ingantaccen haɓakawa na kwanciyar hankali don lada.

Wani bayani daga abin da aka buga ta latsa:

Sun gano cewa lokacin da jima'i ya yi maimaita kallon jima'i akai-akai, idan aka kwatanta da masu aikin sa kai na lafiya sun sami raguwar aiki a yankin kwakwalwa da aka sani da layin kwakwalwa na baya, wanda aka sani yana shiga cikin sa ran sakamako da amsawa sababbin abubuwan. Wannan ya dace da 'haɓaka', inda mai shan magani ya sami irin wannan motsa jiki da ƙasa kuma ba mai ladabi - alal misali, mai shan giya na iya samun caffeine 'buzz' daga kofin su na farko, amma a tsawon lokaci sukan ƙara shan kofi, ƙananan buzz ya zama.

Hakanan wannan tasiri yana faruwa a cikin maza mai kyau wadanda aka nuna su a bidiyo guda daya. Amma idan sun duba sabon bidiyon, matakin sha'awa da ƙyamarwa ya koma matakin asali. Wannan yana nuna cewa, don hana haɓakawa, mai shan jima'i yana bukatar buƙatar samar da sababbin hotuna. A wasu kalmomi, halin da ake ciki yana iya fitar da bincike don hotunan hotuna.

"Abubuwan da muke binciken sun fi dacewa a cikin batutuwa na batsa na intanit," in ji Dokta Voon. "Ba a bayyana abin da ke haifar da jima'i ba a farkon wuri kuma yana iya yiwuwa wasu mutane sun fi damuwa da jaraba fiye da wasu, amma irin yadda ba a iya samar da hotuna a cikin layi ba, yana taimakawa wajen ci gaba da jaraba da jima'i. mafi wuya a tserewa. "

14) Abubuwan Bautawa na Bukatar Jima'i a Mutum tare da Matsalar Saduwa da Abokan Hulɗa (Seok & Sohn, 2015) - [halayyar mahimmanci / farfadowa da mahimmanci] - Wannan binciken na Koriya ta FMRI ya sake yin nazari kan wasu masu amfani da batsa. Kamar yadda Jami'ar Cambridge Jami'ar ta yi nazari, ta gano samfurin motsa jiki na kwakwalwa a cikin jima'i, wanda ya kwatanta irin alamun magungunan miyagun ƙwayoyi. Bisa ga binciken da yawa da Jamusanci ya samo gyare-gyare a cikin kundin farko wanda yayi daidai da canje-canjen da aka yi a cikin masu shan magani. Abinda ke faruwa shi ne cewa binciken binciken ya kasance daidai da alamomin gyaran haɗin gwiwar da aka yi a cikin maganin ƙwayoyi masu magungunan ƙwayoyi: Cue-reactivity zuwa hotunan jima'i duk da haka ba a hana martani ga sauran abubuwan da suka dace ba. Wani bayani:

Nazarinmu na nufin bincike akan ƙwayoyin da ke tattare da sha'awar jima'i tare da haɓakaccen yanayi na furotin na aikin magudi (fMRI). Mutum ashirin da uku da ke da PHB da 22 shekaru-wanda ya dace da kyawawan lafiya an duba su yayin da suke kallon jima'i da jima'i. Matakan 'yan jarida' yan jima'i sun tantance su saboda amsawa ga kowane jima'i. Mahimmanci ga sarrafawa, mutanen da ke tare da PHB sun sami sha'awar jima'i da yawa da kuma bunkasa sha'awar jima'i yayin shawaɗɗa ga matsalolin jima'i. An lura da mafi girma a cikin ƙwayar caudate, lobe na parietal na baya, kwakwalwa na tsakiya na dorsal, thalamus, da kuma gurgunin gaba na farko a cikin kungiyar PHB fiye da ƙungiyar kulawa. Bugu da kari, alamu na hemodynamic a cikin yankunan da aka kunna sun bambanta tsakanin kungiyoyi. Daidai da binciken da kwakwalwar ke tattare da nazarin abu da halayyar dabi'a, mutanen da ke da dabi'un hali na PHB da kuma sha'awar da aka haɓaka sun nuna sauyawar kunnawa a cikin layin da ke gaba da ƙananan yankuna.

15) Canji na Abubuwan Ganawa Mai Ruwa ta hanyar Abubuwan Taɗi a Masu Amfani da Matsala da Ba'a Yarda da "Jima'in Yara" (Yi amfani da al al., 2015) - [al'ada] - Nazarin EEG na biyu daga Nicole Prause ta tawagar. Wannan binciken ya kwatanta darussan 2013 daga Steele et al., 2013 zuwa wani rukuni na ainihi (duk da haka ya sha wahala daga irin wannan fasalin da ake kira sama). Sakamakon: Idan aka kwatanta da sarrafawa "mutanen da ke fama da matsalolin da suke kallon kallon su" suna da karfin kwakwalwar kwakwalwa zuwa wani abu na biyu zuwa hotuna na batilla din vanilla. A jagorar marubuci ya yi iƙirarin wadannan sakamakon "jita-jita na bidiyo". da kyakkyawan tsari na binciken?

A gaskiya, sakamakon binciken Yi amfani da al al. 2015 daidaita daidai da Kühn & Gallinat (2014), wanda ya gano cewa mafi yawan batsa suna amfani da su tare da raunin ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar kwakwalwa a mayar da martani ga hotuna na batilla. Yi amfani da al al. Sakamakon kuma daidaita da Banca et al. 2015 wanda shine #13 a cikin wannan jerin. Bugu da ƙari, wani nazarin EEG gano cewa yin amfani da batsa mafi girma a tsakanin mata da haɗin ƙwallon ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya zuwa batsa. Ƙididdiga ta EEG Ƙasa tana nufin cewa batutuwa suna biyan hankali ga hotuna. A sauƙaƙe, ana amfani da masu amfani da batsa masu yawa a kan hotuna na vanilla. Sun kasance sun raunana (kasancewa ko kuma ba su da hasara). Duba wannan m YBOP mai sharhi. Kwamfuta bakwai da aka yi nazari akan ɗan adam sun yarda cewa wannan binciken ya sami lalacewa / gurbatawa a cikin masu amfani da batsa (daidai da buri): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.

16) HPA Axis Dysregulation a cikin Men tare da Abokan Hulɗa Saduwa (Chatzittofis, 2015) - [dysfunctional stress mayar da martani] - Nazarin tare da 67 jima'i jima'i da kuma 39 shekaru-matched controls. Hanya ta Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) shine dan wasan tsakiya a cikin amsawar mu. Addictions canza yanayin haɗin kwakwalwar kwakwalwa wanda ke haifar da hasashen HPA na dysfunctional. Wannan binciken da ake yi akan jima'i (mazauna mazauna mata) ya canza canza martani game da matakan da suka dace da abubuwan da aka gano tare da jita-jita. Ana fitowa daga sakin watsawa:

Binciken ya shafi 67 maza da rashin daidaituwa ta maza da kuma 39 lafiya. Masu halartar da aka bincikar da su a hankali don rashin lafiyar mata da maza da kuma duk wani rikici tare da ciwo ko ƙananan yara. Masu bincike sun ba su kashi kadan na dexamethasone a daren jiya kafin gwajin don hana maganin maganin lissafi, sa'an nan kuma da safe sun auna matakan da suka hada da hormones cortisol da ACTH. Sun gano cewa marasa lafiya da rashin daidaituwa na maza da mata suna da matakai masu girma irin wannan kwayoyin halitta fiye da magungunan lafiya, wani bambanci wanda ya kasance ko da bayan kula da cututtukan zuciya da nakasa.

"An lura da ka'idojin tashin hankali a cikin masu fama da ciwo da marasa lafiya da kuma masu zalunci," in ji Farfesa Jokinen. "A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, an mayar da hankali ne game da cutar da yara zai iya haifar da dysregulation daga cikin jiki ta hanyar jituwa ta hanyar abubuwan da ake kira epigenetic tsarin, a wasu kalmomi yadda yanayin psychosocial na iya rinjayar da kwayoyin da ke sarrafa wadannan tsarin." A cewar masu bincike, sakamakon ya nuna cewa tsarin kwayoyin halitta guda ɗaya da ke cikin wani nau'i na zalunci zai iya amfani da shi ga mutanen da ke fama da rikici.

17) Gwajin gaba da kuma jita-jita na yanar gizo: wani samfurin nazari da nazarin binciken neuropsychological da neuroimaging (Brand et al., 2015)- [matakan farko na dysfunctional / poorer zartarwa da haɓakawa] - Excerpt:

Dangane da wannan, sakamakon sakamako ne na aiki da sauran bincike na neuropsychological ya nuna cewa rikitarwa, sha'awar zuciya, da kuma yanke shawara su ne muhimmiyar mahimmanci don fahimtar buri na Intanet. Abubuwan da aka gano game da ragewa a cikin jagorancin shugabanci sun dace da sauran cin zarafin hali, irin su caca. Har ila yau, sun jaddada bambancin abubuwan da ke faruwa a matsayin tsangwama, saboda akwai mahimmancin kamanni da bincike a cikin abin dogara. Bugu da ƙari, sakamakon bincike na yanzu yana da alaƙa da binciken daga binciken bincike na kayan aiki da kuma jaddada abubuwan da ke tsakanin jita-jitar cybersex da abubuwan da suke dogara da kayan aiki ko kuma wasu abubuwan da ake ci da haɓaka.

18) Ƙungiyoyi waɗanda ba a cikin haɗin gizon cybersex: Tsayar da gwagwarmaya ta Ƙirƙirar Ƙungiya da hotuna masu ban sha'awa (Snagkowski et al., 2015) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / haɓakawa] - Excerpt:

Binciken da aka yi kwanan nan ya nuna kamance tsakanin jita-jitar cybersex da abubuwan da suke dogara da shi kuma ya yi jayayya don tsara jima'i na cybersex azabtarwa. Dangane da abin dogara, ƙungiyoyi masu ban sha'awa suna da rawar da za su taka rawar gani, kuma waɗannan ƙungiyoyi masu ban sha'awa ba a taɓa nazarin su a cybersex buri, har yanzu. A cikin wannan gwajin gwaji, 128 mahalarta maza da mata maza sun kammala Kwaskwarimar Ƙungiya ta Ƙasa (IAT, Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) da aka gyara tare da hotunan hotuna. Bugu da kari, halin jima'i mai rikitarwa, da hankali ga jima'i da jima'i, abubuwan da ake nufi da cin hanci da rashawa na yanar gizo, da kuma sha'awar sha'awa saboda kallon hotunan hotunan an tantance su. Sakamako yana nuna alamomi mai kyau tsakanin ƙungiyoyi masu ban sha'awa da hotuna masu ban sha'awa tare da motsin zuciyarmu da halayen haɗin cybersex, matsalolin jima'i da matsala, da hankali ga jima'i da jima'i. Bugu da ƙari, nazarin rikice-rikice na gyare-gyare ya nuna cewa mutane da suka bayar da ra'ayi mai zurfi sosai kuma suka nuna ƙungiyoyi masu kyau na hotuna masu ban sha'awa tare da motsin zuciyar kirki, musamman kulawa da cin zarafin cybersex. Abubuwan da aka gano sun nuna tasiri mai tasiri na ƙungiyoyi masu kyau tare da hotuna masu ban sha'awa a cikin ci gaba da kuma kiyaye tsangwama na cybersex. Bugu da ƙari, sakamakon bincike na yanzu yana da alaƙa da binciken daga binciken bincike na kayan aiki da kuma jaddada abubuwan da ke tsakanin jita-jitar cybersex da abubuwan da suke dogara da kayan aiki ko kuma wasu abubuwan da ake ci da haɓaka.

19) Kwayar cututtuka ta hanyar cybersex za a iya danganta su duka zuwa gaba ɗaya da kuma guje wa ciwon batsa: sakamakon daga samfurin analog na masu amfani da yanar gizo na yau da kullum (Snagkowski, et al., 2015) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / haɓakawa] - Excerpt:

Wasu hanyoyi suna nuna kusanci da mahimmancin abin da aka saba da su don abin da tsarin kulawa / tsayayya yake zama mahimmanci. Yawancin masu bincike sunyi jita-jita cewa a cikin halin da ake ciki game da jita-jita, mutane na iya nuna nuna sha'awar kusanci ko kuma guje wa maganganu. A cikin binciken na yanzu 123 maza da maza maza sun kammala aikin da ba a yarda ba. Rinck da Becker, 2007) an gyara shi da hotuna batsa. Yayin da masu halartar taron na AAT sun kasance suna tura matsalolin batsa ko cire su zuwa ga kansu tare da farin ciki. Sanya hankali game da halayyar jima'i, matsalolin jima'i da matsala, da kuma halin da ake ciki don cin zarafin cybersex an gudanar da su tare da tambayoyi.

Sakamako ya nuna cewa mutanen da ke da halayen haɗarin cybersex suna kula da su ko kuma sun guje wa ciwon batsa. Bugu da ƙari, ƙididdigar rikicewar rikicewa ta bayyana cewa mutane da halayen jima'i da matsalolin jima'i da suka nuna dabi'u mai kyau / tsai da hankali, ya ruwaito mafi yawan alamun halayen cybersex. Ganin abubuwa masu mahimmanci, sakamakon yana nuna cewa duka biyan hankali da kuma kaucewa halayen zai iya taka muhimmiyar rawa a fyade na cybersex. Bugu da ƙari, haɗuwa tare da hankali ga haɗakar jima'i da matsalolin jima'i na iya haifar da tasiri game da ƙananan gunaguni na yau da kullum a cikin rayuwar yau da kullum saboda amfani da cybersex. Abubuwan binciken sun samar da hujjoji masu zurfi game da kamance tsakanin jituwa na cybersex da abin dogara. Irin wannan kamance za a iya komawa zuwa wani nau'i mai mahimmanci na aikin cybersex- da magungunan miyagun kwayoyi.

20) Yin makale tare da batsa? Cunkushewa ko sakaci game da labarun cybersex a cikin halin da ake ciki da yawa yana da alaƙa da alamun cututtuka na cybersex (Schiebener et al., 2015) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / farfadowa da rashin kulawa da shugabanci] - Excerpt:

Wasu mutane suna cin abin da ke ciki na yanar gizo, irin su kayan batsa, a cikin wani abin bautar rai, wanda ke haifar da sakamakon mummunan sakamako a rayuwar mutum ko aiki. Wata hanyar da za ta haifar da mummunan sakamako zai iya rage ikon sarrafawa game da halayyar juna da halayyar da za su iya zama dole don gane fasalin manufa ta hanyar amfani da cybersex da sauran ayyuka da wajibai na rayuwa. Don magance wannan batu, mun bincika mahallin mahalarta 104 tare da zane-zane mai kwakwalwa tare da jiguna biyu: Ɗaya daga cikin jerin hotuna na mutane, ɗayan kuma ya kunshi hotunan hotuna. A cikin duka biyu an tsara hotunan bisa wasu ka'idodi. Dalilin da ya kamata shine ya yi aiki a kan dukan ayyuka masu rarraba a daidaituwa, ta hanyar sauyawa tsakanin ɗawainiya da ɗawainiyar ƙayyadewa a daidaitaccen hanya.

Mun gano cewa rashin daidaitattun aikin da aka yi a cikin wannan jigon mahaɗin ya haɗu da halayen da ya dace da jita-jitar cybersex. Mutane da wannan hali sukan yi amfani da su ko kuma suna watsi da aikin hotuna. Sakamakon ya nuna cewa rage ikon sarrafawa a kan ayyukan fasaha, lokacin da aka fuskanci batsa, zai iya taimakawa wajen halayen dysfunctional da kuma sakamakon mummunan sakamakon tsangwama na cybersex. Duk da haka, mutanen da ke da halayen haɗin cybersex suna da wani yunkuri don kaucewa ko kuma kusanci abubuwa na batsa, kamar yadda aka tattauna a dabi'un jaraba na jaraba.

21) Ciniki Daga baya Kyauta ga abubuwan da ke sha'awa a yanzu: Abinda ke ciki da batsa da kuma jinkirtawa (Negash et al., 2015) - [poorer manajan sarrafawa: gwajin gwaji] - Excerpts:

Nazarin 1: Masu halartar cika batsa suna amfani da tambayoyin tambayoyin da aikin jinkirta lokaci a lokacin 1 sannan kuma makonni huɗu daga baya. Masu halarta suna yin amfani da hotuna na farko na batsa suna nuna lokaci mai yawa na jinkirta lokaci a lokacin 2, suna yin rinjaye don yin watsi da jinkiri. Nazarin 2: Masu shiga da suka guje wa hotunan batsa sun nuna raunin jinkiri fiye da masu halartar da suka keta daga abincin da suke so.

Shafin batsa na Intanit kyauta ne wanda ke taimakawa jinkirta jinkirta bambanta fiye da sauran ladaran dabi'a, ko da a lokacin da amfani baya da karfi ko jaraba. Wannan bincike ya zama muhimmiyar gudummawa, yana nuna cewa sakamakon ya wuce ƙarancin lokaci.

Hanyoyin batsa na iya samar da jima'i na jima'i nan da nan amma suna da abubuwan da zasu iya wucewa da kuma tasiri ga wasu yankuna na rayuwar mutum, musamman dangantaka.

Abinda aka gano yana nuna cewa hotunan Intanet yana da ladabi wanda zai taimakawa jinkirta jinkirta bambanta fiye da sauran ladaran. Saboda haka yana da muhimmanci a bi da batsa a matsayin wani abu mai ban sha'awa a cikin lada, da lalata, da kuma ilimin jaraba da kuma yin amfani da wannan bisa ga mutum da kuma maganin dangantaka.

22) Hanyoyin Jima'i da Dysfunctional Kashe Kayyade Cybersex Addiction a cikin maza da maza (Laier et al., 2015) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / haɓakawa] - Excerpt:

Binciken da aka yi kwanan nan sun nuna wata ƙungiya tsakanin tsirrai na CyberSex Addiction (CA) da kuma alamomi na rashin karuwancin jima'i, da kuma cewa yin jima'i ta hanyar halayyar jima'i sun daidaita dangantakar da ke tsakanin jima'i da rashin lafiya na CA. Manufar wannan binciken shine jarrabawar wannan matsala a cikin samfurin 'yan luwadi. Tambayoyi sun tantance alamomi na CA, ƙwarewa ga haɗakar jima'i, batsa na yin amfani da motsa jiki, matsalolin jima'i na rikice-rikice, bayyanar cututtuka, da halayyar jima'i a rayuwa ta ainihi da kuma layi. Bugu da ƙari, mahalarta kallon bidiyon batsa kuma sun nuna sha'awar jima'i kafin da bayan bayanan bidiyon. Sakamakon ya nuna alaƙa mai karfi tsakanin CA bayyanar cututtuka da alamu na jima'i da jima'i da jima'i, shan jima'i da halayen jima'i, da kuma alamun cututtuka. CA ba ta hade da halayyar jima'i na layi ba da kuma yin amfani da cybersex mako-lokaci. Yin jituwa ta hanyar halayen jima'i a wani bangare an sanya ma'anar dangantaka tsakanin halayyar jima'i da caji. Sakamakon ya kasance daidai da wadanda aka ba da labarin ga maza da mata maza a cikin binciken da suka gabata kuma an tattauna akan bambance-bambance da ke cikin CA, wanda ya nuna muhimmancin ƙarfafawa ta hanyar amfani da cybersex.

23) Matsayi na Neuroinflammation a cikin Pathophysiology na Hypersexual Disorder (Jokinen et al., 2016) - [maganin dysfunctional stress da neuro-ƙonewa] - Wannan binciken ya ruwaito matakan da suka shafi mafi girma na tumor Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) a cikin jima'i na jima'i idan aka kwatanta da kulawar lafiya. Matakan TNF (alamar ƙonawa) an samo su a cikin masu amfani da magungunan ƙwayoyi da dabbobi masu shan magani (barasa, heroin, meth). Akwai matakan haɗaka tsakanin matakan TNF da ma'auni masu auna daidaituwa.

24) Halayen Jima'i Mai Haɗaka: Gabatarwa da Ƙarshen Ƙarshe da Hadin Kai (Schmidt et al., 2016) - [matuka na farko na dysfunctional da haɓakawa] - Wannan bincike ne na fMRI. Idan aka kwatanta da maganin maganin kula da lafiya na CSB (magunguna) ya ƙãra ƙarar amygdala na hagu kuma rage haɗin aiki tsakanin amygdala da ƙananan haɗin ginin DLPFC. Rage haɓaka aikin aiki tsakanin amygdala da cortex na farko sun danganta da abin da ya dace da abubuwa. Anyi zaton cewa rashin haɗin haɗin gwiwa ya rage ikon kulawa da kullun a kan ƙwaƙwalwar mai amfani don shiga cikin halin haɗari. Wannan binciken ya nuna cewa maye gurbin miyagun ƙwayoyi na iya haifar da ƙananan launin toka kuma ta haka rage girman amygdala a cikin addicts miyagun ƙwayoyi. Amygdala yana aiki a lokacin kallon fina-finai, musamman ma a lokacin da aka fara nunawa ga jima'i. Wataƙila mai yawan jima'i da bincike da bincike yana haifar da wani sakamako na musamman a kan amygdala a masu amfani da batsa. A madadin, shekarun jaraba na batsa da kuma mummunan sakamakon da ya faru na mummunar sakamako - kuma cHarkokin jin dadin jama'a yana da dangantaka da ƙara yawan amygdala. Nazarin #16 a sama gano cewa "jima'i addicts" suna da tsarin kulawa mai mahimmanci. Shin mawuyacin halin da ake ciki game da jima'i / jima'i, tare da abubuwan da suke yin jima'i, suna haifar da ƙarar amygdala mafi yawa? Wani bayani:

Hanyoyinmu na yanzu suna nuna alamar girma a cikin wani yanki da ke tattare da jin daɗin motsa jiki da ƙananan haɗin gwiwa da ke tattare da cibiyoyin sadarwa na gaba. Rushewar irin waɗannan cibiyoyin sadarwa na iya bayyana dabi'u masu halayyar haɓaka ta hanyar saduwa da yanayin muhalli ko kuma inganta haɓakawa zuwa abubuwan da suka dace. Kodayake binciken bincikenmu ya bambanta da wadanda ke cikin SUD, waɗannan binciken zasu iya nuna bambancin ra'ayi kamar yadda ake amfani da kwayoyin cutar ta miyagun ƙwayoyi. Shaidun da ke fitowa suna nuna yiwuwar farfadowa tare da tsarin jaraba musamman tallafawa ka'idojin motsa jiki. Mun nuna cewa wannan aiki a cikin wannan salwar yanar gizo yana kara inganta bayan an dauka ga mafi kyawun sakonni ko fifitaccen jima'i da aka fi sani [Markus et al., 2016; Seok da Sohn, 2015; Voon et al., 2014] tare da ingantaccen kulawa [Mechelmans et al., 2014] kuma suna sha'awar musamman game da jima'i amma ba jima'i ba ne (Markus et al., 2016; Voon et al., 2014]. Hannun hankalin da aka ba da hankali game da jima'i yana ci gaba da haɓaka ga zaɓi na jima'i don tabbatar da dangantakar dake tsakanin yanayin jima'i da kula da hankali [Banca et al., 2016]. Wadannan binciken na ingantaccen aikin da aka danganta da sha'anin jima'i sun bambanta da sakamakon (wanda ba shi da kariya ba tare da kariya ba) wanda ingantacciyar haɓakawa, wanda ya dace daidai da yanayin haƙuri, yana ƙaruwa da fifiko ga matakan jima'i [Banca et al., 2016]. Tare da waɗannan binciken yana taimakawa wajen bunkasa kwayoyin halitta na CSB da ke haifar da fahimtar ƙwayar cuta da kuma ganewa na alamar ilimin likita.

25) Ayyukan Harkokin Kasuwanci na Ƙirƙirar Lokacin da kake kallon Hotuna Hotuna An Haɗaka da Labaran Intanit Hoto na Addini (Tarihi)Brand et al., 2016) - [karfin haɓakawa / farfadowa mafi girma] - Nazarin fMRI na Jamus. Gano #1: Ayyukan cibiyar sakamako (ƙwararrakin ƙwaƙwalwa) ya fi girma don fi son hotuna batsa. Binciken #2: Rawanin ƙarfin halayen kwakwalwar ƙwayar cuta da aka haɗa da intanet jima'i jima'i. Dukkan binciken guda biyu suna nuna matatarwa da daidaitawa tare da buri na samfurin. Mawallafa sun bayyana cewa "Maɗaukakiyar tushen jita-jita na Intanit yana da kama da sauran tsofaffi." Wani bayani:

Ɗaya daga cikin buri na yanar-gizon intanet ne mai amfani da batsa, wanda ake kira cybersex ko bidiyon Intanet. Neuroimaging karatu gano aiki ventilation lokacin da mahalarta kallon hanzari na ainihin jima'i idan aka kwatanta da kayan da ba a bayyana ba. Yanzu munyi zaton cewa sakonni ya kamata ya amsa ya fi son batsa idan aka kwatanta da hotunan batsa da ba a fi sonsa ba kuma ya kamata a yi daidai da aikin da aka yi a cikin wannan bambanci tare da bayyanarwar bayyanar cututtuka na Intanet. Mun yi nazarin 19 mahalarta maza da mata tare da hoton hoto wanda ya hada da abubuwan da suka fi son abin sha'awa.

Hotuna daga ɗakunan da aka fi so suna da ƙari, ƙananan maras kyau, kuma mafi kusa da manufa. Maganar ƙwararrayin motsa jiki ta fi karfi ga yanayin da aka fi so idan aka kwatanta da hotuna waɗanda ba a fi son su ba. Ra'ayin da aka yi a cikin kwakwalwa a cikin wannan bambanci ya kasance daidai da alamun da aka ba da rahoto game da jarabawar Intanet. Maganar bayyanar cututtuka ita ce maɗaukakiyar hangen nesa a cikin rikice-rikice na sharudda tare da amsawar sakonni na kwaskwarima kamar yadda yake dogara da mawuyacin hali da kuma hangen nesa na cin bidiyo na Intanet, cin zarafi na jima'i, halayyar zinare, rashin tausayi, halayyar mutumtaka, da halin jima'i a cikin kwanakin ƙarshe . Sakamakon yana tallafa wa rawar da ake yi don ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa cikin ladaran sakamako da ladaran da aka danganta da abubuwan da ke son batsa. Hanyoyin da ake bukata don samun sakamako a cikin kwakwalwa na iya taimakawa wajen yin bayani game da dalilin da ya sa mutane da wasu abubuwan da suke so da kuma jima'i suna da haɗari don rasa ikon su akan amfani da batsa na Intanit.

26) Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙwarar Kwarewa da Ƙananan Haɗuwa A Tsarin Abubuwan Da Suka Yi Da Halayen Jima'i Mai Haɗari (Klucken et al., 2016) - [ƙin farfadowa da mahimmanci da haɓakawa da halayen dysfunctional] - Wannan binciken na Jamus na fMRI ya yi mahimman bayanai biyu daga binciken Voon et al., 2014 da kuma Kuhn & Gallinat 2014. Sakamakon Gano: Ƙirƙirar ƙwayar keɓaɓɓiyar kwaskwarima ta jiki da kuma haɗin ƙananan haɓaka sun canza a cikin kungiyar CSB. Bisa ga masu binciken, sauyawar farko - ƙarfafa amygdala - zai iya nuna saurin sharaɗi (mafi girma "wiring" zuwa shafukan da ba a tsayar da shi ba). Canji na biyu - rage haɗuwa tsakanin sashin kwakwalwa da magunguna - zai iya kasancewa alama don rashin illa ga ikon kulawa. Masu bincike sun ce, "Wadannan (canje-canje) suna cikin layi tare da wasu binciken da ke binciken da ke tattare da maganin rikice-rikicen da ake yi da kuma maganin rashin karfin zuciya." Abubuwan da aka gano na amygdalar mafi girma shine a farawa (sanarwa) da kuma rage haɗin kai tsakanin cibiyar ladabi da kullun farko (hypofrontality) su biyu ne daga cikin manyan kwakwalwar kwakwalwa da aka gani a cikin jarabawar abu. Bugu da ƙari, 3 na masu amfani da fasahar 20 masu cin zarafi sun sha wahala daga "cututtuka masu kama-karya." Wani bayani:

Bugu da ƙari, lura ya kara aiki na amygdala da kuma rage haɗin gwiwar kwakwalwa na PFC guda daya ya ba da damar yin bayani akan ilimin ilimin halitta da kuma maganin CSB. Wadanda ke tare da CSB sun fi dacewa su kafa ƙungiyoyi tsakanin ra'ayoyin da ba daidai ba da kuma matsalolin muhalli. Saboda haka, waɗannan batutuwa sun fi dacewa da haɗuwa da ra'ayoyinsu da ke nuna halin haɗuwa. Ko wannan yana kaiwa ga CSB ko sakamakon CSB dole ne bincike ta gaba zai amsa masa. Bugu da ƙari, tsarin tafiyar da bala'i, wanda aka nuna a cikin haɗin gwiwar ƙaddamarwa na gaba-gaba-gaba, zai iya taimakawa wajen tabbatar da halin rashin matsala.

27) Ƙaddamarwa a cikin Kwayoyin Tsarin Harshen Drug da Harkokin Kwayoyin Bautar Drug (Banca et al., 2016) - [karfin haɓakawa / farfadowa mafi girma], Wannan binciken na cibiyar na Cambridge Jami'ar FMRI ya kwatanta sifofin tilastawa ga masu shan giya, masu cin binge-eaters, wasan kwaikwayo na bidiyo da kuma addicts na bidiyo (CSB). Excerpts:

Ya bambanta da sauran cututtuka, CSB idan aka kwatanta da HV ya nuna samuwa da sauri don samun sakamako na sakamakon tare da haɗakarwa mafi girma cikin yanayin sakamako ba tare da la'akari da sakamako ba. Abubuwan da ke cikin CSB ba su nuna wani ɓatacce na musamman ba a cikin saɓo ko juyawa da ilmantarwa. Wadannan binciken sun haɗa tare da binciken da muka samu na baya-bayan nan na ingantaccen zaɓi don matsalolin da suka shafi yanayin jima'i ko sakamakon kuɗi, duk da haka yana ba da shawarar bunkasa hankali ga sakamako (Banca et al., 2016). Ana nuna ƙarin nazarin yin amfani da lada mai kyau.

28) Binciken Gudanar da Hotuna da Shirye-shiryen Bincike Tattaunawa Game da Tsarin Hoto na Cybersex Addini a cikin Samfurin Masu amfani da Cybersex na yau da kullum (Snagkowski et al., 2016) - [karfin haɓakawa / farfadowa mafi girma], wannan shahararren nazarin sharuɗɗan sharuɗɗa ne zuwa siffofi masu tsaka-tsaki, wanda yayi annabci bayyanar hoton batsa. Excerpts:

Babu wata yarjejeniya game da ka'idodin bincike game da bambance-bambance na cybersex. Wasu hanyoyi da suka hada da daidaitattun abubuwan da suka dace, wanda abin da ke tattare da abokin tarayya yana da mahimmanci. A cikin wannan binciken, 86 mazaje maza da maza sun kammala wani misali na Pavlovian zuwa Taswirar Canjin Abincin wanda aka gyara tare da hotuna hotunan don bincika ilimin haɗin gwiwar yin amfani da ilimin cybersex. Bugu da ƙari, ƙin sha'awar zuciya saboda kallon hotunan hotuna da halayen haɗarin cybersex an tantance su. Sakamakon ya nuna wani tasiri na sha'awar sha'awa game da halayen cybersex, da kuma jagoranci ta hanyar koyarwa. Bugu da ƙari, waɗannan binciken suna nuna wani muhimmin tasiri na ilmantarwa na hadin gwiwa don ci gaba da cin zarafi na cybersex, yayin da yake samar da hujjoji mai zurfi game da kamance tsakanin abubuwan da suka shafi kwakwalwa da kuma cin zarafin cybersex. A taƙaice, sakamakon bincike na yanzu yana nuna cewa haɗakar da ke tattare da abokin tarayya na iya taka muhimmiyar rawa game da ci gaba da jarabawar cybersex. Abubuwan da muka samu sun samar da ƙarin shaida game da kamance tsakanin jita-jita na cybersex da abubuwan da suka shafi tasiri tun lokacin da ake nuna sha'awar sha'awa da kuma ilmantarwa.

29) Hanyoyin canzawa bayan kallon hotunan batsa akan Intanet suna da alaƙa da alamun hotuna na Intanit-yanayin kulawa (Laier & Brand,2016) - [mafi girma gajerun hankalin / farfadowa, ƙananan ƙaunar] - Excerpts:

Babban sakamakon bincike shi ne cewa halayen yanar gizo na Intanet (IPD) sun haɗu da rashin kyau tare da jin daɗi da kyau, falke, da kwantar da hankula da kuma tabbatar da damuwa a cikin rayuwar yau da kullum da kuma dalili don amfani da batsa na Intanit dangane da neman farin ciki da kuma kauce wa tunanin. Bugu da ƙari kuma, halin da ake ciki ga IPD ya kasance da mummunar dangantaka da yanayin kafin da bayan kallon batsa na Intanet da kuma ainihin ƙaruwa na halin kirki da kwanciyar hankali. Halin da ke tsakanin halayen IPD da tashin hankalin da ake nema don amfani da hotuna na Intanit an daidaita ta ta hanyar kimantawa ga ƙwarewar da aka samu ta hanyar dabarun. Yawanci, sakamakon binciken ya kasance tare da tsinkayar cewa IPD tana da nasaba da dalili don samun jima'i da jima'i da kuma kaucewa ko don magance matsalolin motsa jiki kuma tare da zaton cewa yanayin canzawa bayan amfani da batsa ya danganci IPD (Cooper et al., 1999 da kuma Laier da Brand, 2014).

30) Matsalar rikice-rikice a cikin matasa: Ƙungiyoyi a cikin ɗakunan ƙwayoyin cuta, halayyar jiki, da kuma ƙananan nau'in halitta (2016) - [maras nauyi na aiki] - Mutanen da ke da matsala masu halayen jima'i (PSB) sun nuna wasu ƙarancin ƙananan ƙwararru. Wadannan binciken sun nuna rashin talauci aikin gudanarwa (hypofrontality) wanda shine babban nau'in kwakwalwar kwakwalwa wanda ke faruwa a cikin ƙwayar magunguna. Bayanan kaɗan:

Wani muhimmin sakamako daga wannan bincike shi ne cewa PSB ta nuna ƙungiyoyi masu mahimmanci tare da wasu dalilai na asibiti mai mahimmanci, ciki har da darajar girman kansu, rage yawan rayuwar rayuwa, BMI hawanta, da kuma mafi girma yawan tarurruka don yawancin cuta ...

... yana iya yiwuwar cewa siffofin da aka gano a cikin ƙungiyar PSB sun kasance sakamakon sakamako mai mahimmanci wanda ya haifar da PSB da sauran siffofi na asibiti. Ɗaya daga cikin matakan da za a iya cika wannan tasirin zai iya zama ƙananan ƙarancin da aka gano a cikin kungiyar PSB, musamman ma wadanda suka danganci ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, motsa jiki / motsa jiki, da kuma yanke shawara. Daga wannan halayyar, yana yiwuwa a gano matsalolin da ke faruwa a PSB da kuma ƙarin fasali na asibiti, irin su dysregulation na tunanin, zuwa gaggarun ƙaura ...

Idan matsalolin da aka gano a cikin wannan bincike su ne ainihin siffar PSB, wannan yana iya samun muhimman abubuwan da ke cikin asibiti.

31) Methylation na HPA Axis Related Genes in Men With Hypersexual Disorder (Jokinen et al., 2017) - [dysfunctional danniya amsa, epigenetic canje-canje] - Wannan wani bi-up of #16 a sama wanda ya gano cewa addicts na jima'i suna da sifofi na dysfunctional stress - wani maɓalli na neuro-endocrin da ya haifar da buri. Binciken na yanzu yana samo maganin cututtuka na kwayoyin halitta a kan kwayoyin jinsin tsakiya don magance matsalar dan Adam da kuma dangantaka da jima'i. Tare da canje-canjen epigenetic, jerin DNA ba a canza ba (kamar yadda ya faru tare da maye gurbin). Maimakon haka, ana nuna jigon ta kuma ana juyawa furcinta ko ƙasa (gajeren bidiyo yana bayyana epigenetics). Hanyoyin asalin halittar da aka ruwaito a cikin wannan binciken sun haifar da aiki na CRF. CRF ne neurotransmitter da hormone da wannan hali na tayar da hankali irin su cravings, kuma yana da babban dan wasan a cikin yawa daga cikin janyewar bayyanar cututtuka da aka sani dangane da abu da kuma haɓaka hali, ciki har da batsa batsa.

32) Binciken Harkokin Saduwa tsakanin Haɗakar Jima'i da Hanyar Jima'i ga Tattaunawa da Jima'i cikin Kungiyar 'Albery et al., 2017) - [karfin haɓakawa / farfadowa mafi girma] - Wannan binciken ya sake fasalin binciken da wannan nazarin Jami'ar 2014 Cambridge, wanda idan aka kwatanta da tsinkaye na batsa na cin hanci da rashawa ga kulawar lafiya. Ga abin da ke sabo: Binciken ya haɗu da "shekarun jima'i" tare da 1) jaraba da jima'i da kuma 2) sakamakon aikin kula da hankali. Daga cikin wadannan batutuwan da suka shafi karuwar jima'i, shekaru masu yawa na jima'i sun shafi dangantaka mai mahimmanci (bayani game da tsinkaya). Saboda haka yawancin jima'i na jima'i da yawa * miki shekaru na jima'i = ƙididdiga mafi girma na jaraba (mafi girman tsinkaya, ko tsangwama). Amma kulawa da hankali yana raguwa a cikin masu amfani, kuma ya ɓace a mafi yawan shekaru na jima'i. Mawallafa sun yanke shawarar cewa wannan sakamakon zai iya nuna cewa 'yan shekaru masu yawa na "jima'i" ya haifar da haɓaka da yawa ko kuma ƙididdigewa na jin dadi. Wani bayani daga ƙarshe:

Wata bayanin yiwuwar wadannan sakamakon shi ne cewa a matsayin mutum mai karfin jima'i yana kara karfin hali, ƙwarewar haɗin da ke haɗaka [36-38] da kuma cewa a tsawon lokaci, ake buƙata dabi'antar mafi girma don wannan matakin da ya dace. An kara jaddada cewa yayin da mutum ya shiga dabi'un da ya fi ƙarfin hali, neuropathways ba su da karuwa don ƙarin 'ci gaba' ta hanyar jima'i ko kuma hotuna da kuma mutane sun juya zuwa ga wasu 'ciwo' '' 'don gane abin da ake so. Wannan daidai ne da aikin nuna cewa 'lafiyar maza' 'yan Adam sun kasance suna zama a cikin al'amuran da suka faru a lokaci kuma cewa wannan halayen yana nuna karuwar ƙananan ƙwaƙwalwa da maganganu [39]. Wannan yana nuna cewa mafi yawan masu karuwa, masu halartar jima'i sun zama 'ƙananan' ko kuma mafi yawan sha'anin 'maganganun' 'maganganu masu amfani da jima'i da aka yi amfani da su a cikin binciken yanzu da kuma irin wannan nuna ya rage girman kai, yayin da wadanda ke karuwa da ƙwarewa da ƙananan kwarewa har yanzu suna nuna tsangwama. saboda abubuwan da suka faru sun nuna karin fahimtar juna.

33) Ayyukan Gudanar da Ayyuka na Jima'i da Yara da Mutum Mai Yau da Mutum Kafin Yayinda Kalli Bidiyon Erotic (Messina et al., 2017) - [rashin aikin haɓaka na rashin talauci, ƙwarewa / jin dadi] - Exposure to batsa ya shafi aikin gudanarwa a cikin maza da "halayen halayen jima'i," amma ba masu sarrafa lafiya ba. Magance aikin gudanarwa mara kyau lokacin da aka fallasa su ga abin da ake jita-jita game da jita-jita shi ne alamar magungunan abu (yana nuna duka biyu canje-canje na farko da kuma sanarwa). Excerpts:

Wannan bincike yana nuna mafi alhẽri a hankali bayan haɓakar jima'i ta hanyar sarrafawa idan aka kwatanta da masu halartar masu jima'i. Wadannan bayanan sun goyi bayan ra'ayin cewa maza masu tilasta wa jima'i kada suyi amfani da yiwuwar ilmantarwa daga kwarewa, wanda zai iya haifar da gyaran halayya mafi kyau. Hakanan za'a iya fahimtar wannan a matsayin rashin ilimin ilmantarwa ta hanyar rukuni mai jima'i lokacin da suke jima'i da jima'i, kama da abin da ke faruwa a sake zagayowar jima'i da jima'i, wanda ya fara tare da yawancin jima'i na jima'i, sannan ya fara yin jima'i rubuce-rubuce da kuma togas, sau da yawa shafukan daukan hotuna zuwa yanayi mai hatsari.

34) Shin batsa zai iya zama abin ƙyama? Nazarin FMRI na Maza suna neman Jiyya don Matsalolin Rashin Jarida Amfani (Gola et al., 2017) - [karfin haɓakawa / farfadowa mafi girma], Ayyukan fMRI da ke tattare da wani tsari mai mahimmanci wanda ya kasance da tsaka-tsakin da aka kwatanta da hotunan hotuna. Excerpts:

Maza tare da ba tare da amfani da batsa maras kyau ba (PPU) sun bambanta a cikin kwakwalwa ta halayen su san yadda ake tsammani hotunan hotuna, amma ba a cikin halayen su ba da hotuna da kansu, daidai da koyarwar tauhidi mai ban sha'awa na jaraba. Wannan haɓakawar kwakwalwa ta kasance tare da haɓaka halayyar hali don duba hotuna masu ban sha'awa (mafi girma "so"). Rawanin daji na kwaskwarima don labarun da ake tsammani hotunan hoton yana da alaka da ƙananan PPU, adadin batsa na amfani da mako daya da kuma yawan yawan al'amuran mako-mako. Abubuwan da muka gano sun nuna cewa kamar amfani da amfani da caca da ke tattare da haɗin ƙananan hanyoyi da halayen halayen da ke hade da yin aiki na bayanai yana da mahimmanci ga siffofin PPU. Wadannan binciken sun nuna cewa PPU na iya wakiltar haɓaka halin halayen da kuma abubuwan da ke taimakawa wajen ci gaba da haɓaka da kuma abubuwan da ake amfani da su don amfani da su don amfani da su don taimaka wa maza da PPU.

35) Sanyoyi da Hukuncin Sha'anin Ra'ayin Motsi: Shin suna tsoron rai da amfani da batsa? (Kunaharan et al., 2017) - [haɓaka ko haɓakawa] - Nazarin nazarin maganganun masu amfani da batsa (Ayyukan EEG & Amsar Amsa) zuwa wasu hotuna masu haɗari-haɗaka - ciki har da erotica. Binciken ya samo wasu bambance-bambance da yawa tsakanin masu amfani da batsa mai tsayi da masu amfani da batsa mai tsawo. Excerpts:

Sakamakon ya nuna cewa ƙara yin amfani da batsa ya nuna cewa yana da tasiri a kan halin da ake ciki na kwakwalwa ba tare da nuna damuwa ba ga abubuwan da ya faru da halayyar kwakwalwa wanda ba a nuna ta ba.

4.1. Rahoton Bayani: Abin sha'awa, ƙwanan batutuwan da ake amfani da su suna amfani da hotuna masu banƙyama kamar yadda suke da kyau fiye da yadda ake amfani dasu. Mawallafa sun ce wannan yana iya kasancewa saboda yanayin "laushi" na "hotuna" wadanda ke cikin database na IAPS ba su samar da matakin da za su iya nema ba, kamar yadda Harper da Hodgins suka nuna su [58] cewa tare da sau da yawa kallon batsa, mutane da yawa sukan kara girma cikin kallon abubuwa masu mahimmanci don kula da irin wannan nau'i na farfadowa na physiological. Ƙungiyar ta'aziya "mai juyayi" ta ga kwarewa ta hanyar dukkanin kungiyoyi uku don kasancewa da mahimmanci tare da yin amfani da ɗayan ƙungiya kwatanta hotuna kamar yadda dan kadan ya fi dacewa fiye da sauran kungiyoyi. Wannan zai sake zama saboda '' hotuna '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' ' Nazarin sun nuna nuna rashin daidaituwa akan ilimin lissafi a cikin aiki na abun da ke ciki saboda sakamakon haɓakawa a cikin mutanen da ke neman kullun abubuwa da yawa [3, 7, 8]. Wannan hujjar mawallafa ce cewa wannan sakamako zai iya lissafta sakamakon da aka lura.

4.3. Fassara Rashin Gyara Hoto (SRM): Matsayin da ya fi girma a cikin ƙananan batutuwa da ake amfani da batsa ta hanyar yin amfani da rukuni na iya bayyanawa daga cikin kungiyoyi da gangan yin guje wa yin amfani da batsa, kamar yadda zasu iya ganin shi ya zama mafi muni. A madadin haka, sakamakon da aka samu yana iya kasancewa sakamakon tasiri, inda mutane a cikin waɗannan kungiyoyi suke kallon karin batsa fiye da yadda suka bayyana a fili-yiwu saboda dalilan kunya a tsakanin wasu, yayin da aka nuna alamun haɓakawa don ƙara ƙirar ido a hankali.41, 42].

36) Bayyanawa ga Harkokin Jima'i yana haifar da ƙananan basirar da ake kaiwa zuwa Ƙara Haɗari a Cyber ​​Delinquency Daga cikin maza (Cheng & Chiou, 2017) - [rashin aiki na rashin talauci, mafi girma impulsivity - gwajin gwaji] - A cikin binciken biyu da ake nunawa ga abubuwan jima'i na jima'i sun haifar da: 1) mafi girman jinkirta rangwame (rashin yiwuwar jinkirta jinkirta), 2) mafi girma da sha'awar yin amfani da cyber-delinquency, 3) sha'awar sayen kaya na yaudara da kuma hack wani asusun Facebook na wani. Haɗuwa da wannan yana nuna cewa yin amfani da batsa yana ƙaruwa da rashin ƙarfi kuma zai iya rage wasu ayyuka na gudanarwa (kulawa da kai, hukunci, tsinkayewa da tsinkayewa, kulawar motsi). Musamman:

Mutane sukan fuskanci matsalolin jima'i yayin amfani da Intanet. Bincike ya nuna cewa ciwon da zai haifar da halayyar jima'i zai iya haifar da rashin ƙarfi ga mutane, kamar yadda aka nuna a mafi yawan lokuta (watau, yanayin da ya fi dacewa da karami, samun ci gaba ga mafi girma, nan gaba).

A ƙarshe, sakamakon yanzu yana nuna ƙungiya tsakanin jima'i (misali, ɗaukan hotuna ga hotuna na mata masu jima'i ko zubar da halayyar jima'i) da kuma halayyar maza a cikin cin zarafin cyber. Abubuwan da muka gano sun nuna cewa rashin hankali da karfin jiki na namiji, kamar yadda aka nuna ta wurin tsaftacewar lokaci, yana da sauƙi ga rashin nasara a fuskar matsalolin jima'i. Mutane na iya amfani da su daga saka idanu ko bayyanar da matsalolin jima'i yana hade da zaɓuɓɓuka da halayen da suka dace. Abubuwan da muka gano sun nuna cewa magance matsalolin jima'i zai iya janyo hankalin mutane a hanyar hanyar yin amfani da cyber delinquency

Sakamakon yanzu yana nuna cewa samuwa mai yawa na jima'i a cikin tashoshin yanar gizon yanar gizo na iya kasancewa da haɗari da halayen cyber-behaviors na maza kamar yadda aka yi tunanin.

37) Ma'anar bayani game da (Matsala) Amfani da Intanit Intanit abu: Matsayi na Harkokin Jima'i Motsa jiki da Tsarin Zuciya Tsammani Tsakanin Matsalar Abubuwan Hulɗa (Stark et al., 2017) - [mafi girma mai juyowa / farfadowa / cravings] - Excerpts:

Binciken da aka yi a yanzu ya binciko ko zane-zane na jima'i da kuma abubuwan da ke tattare da jima'i sune masu hangen nesa na magance matsalar SEM da kuma lokutan yau da kullum suna kallon SEM. A cikin gwajin halayyar, mun yi amfani da Taskoki-Avoidance Task (AAT) don auna ƙaddamar da hankali game da jima'i. Kyakkyawan daidaituwa tsakanin daidaitattun tsarin kulawa da SEM da lokacin da ake amfani dasu akan kallon SEM zai iya bayyanawa ta hanyar illa mai ban sha'awa: Tsarin dabi'a mai kyau wanda za'a iya fassara shi a matsayin kula da hankali ga SEM. Wani batun tare da wannan tsinkaya na hankali zai iya janyo hankali ga labarun jima'i akan yanar-gizon da ke haifar da yawan lokaci da aka kashe akan shafukan SEM.

38) Binciken Hotuna na Abun Tambaya dangane da Ƙaƙwalwar Kasuwancin Neurophysiological (2018) - Musamman:

A cikin wannan takarda, wata hanyar yin amfani da siginar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya daga yankin da aka yi amfani da ita ta amfani da EEG an ba da shawara don gano ko mai halarta zai iya yin jaraba na batsa ko in ba haka ba. Yana aiki ne a matsayin matakan dacewa da tambayoyin tambayoyin mutum. Sakamakon gwaji ya nuna cewa mahalarta masu haɗari suna da ƙananan aiki na ragowar alpha a cikin kwakwalwar kwakwalwa idan aka kwatanta da mahalarta ba'a. Ana iya kiyaye ta ta amfani da hasken wutar da aka ƙidaya ta amfani da Ƙaddamarwar Yanayin Electromagnetic Tsarin (LORETA). Har ila yau, ƙungiyar ta nuna cewa akwai rashin bambanci a tsakanin wadanda suka kamu da kamu da marasa lafiya. Duk da haka, bambancin ba kamar yadda yake a matsayin harufan haruffa ba.

39) Rashin kararrawa ya raguwa kuma ya canza tsarin haɗin gwiwa a cikin manyan gyrus a cikin mutanen da ke da halayyar halin jima'i (2018) - [ƙananan rashin lafiya a cikin jiki mai laushi, haɓaka aikin haɗuwa tsakanin jiki na jiki da prentaus & caudate] - Wani bincike na fMRI kwatanta jima'i jima'i jima'i ("matsala ta rikici") ga kula da lafiya. Idan aka kwatanta da magunguna masu jima'i yana da: 1) rage launin toka a cikin lobes (yankuna da ke haɗi da halayen jima'i); 2) ya rage haɓaka zuwa haɗin haɗin gwiwar jiki na lokaci (zai iya nuna rashin haɗari a iya iya matsawa hankali); 3) rage ƙwanƙara zuwa layi na haɗin aiki na jiki (zai iya hana gwaninta akan saɓo). Excerpts:

Wadannan binciken sun nuna cewa lalata tsarin aiki a cikin gyrus na jiki da gyaran haɗin aiki a tsakanin gyrus na musamman da wasu yankunan (watau prentaus da caudate) zasu iya taimakawa wajen damuwa a cikin rashin hana tayar da hankalin jima'i a cikin mutane da PHB. Sabili da haka, waɗannan sakamakon sun nuna cewa canje-canje a tsarin da haɗin aiki a cikin gyrus na cikin gida zai iya kasancewa siffofin PHB kuma yana iya kasancewa 'yan takara masu cin gashin kansu don ganewa na PHB.

An yi amfani da kwayoyin grey a cikin takaddun ƙwayar cuta da kuma haɗuwa da haɗin gwanin hagu tare da hagu na STG. Sabili da haka, yana yiwuwa karuwar ƙwayar launin toka da haɗin aiki a cikin cerebellum an hade da halayyar tilas a cikin mutane da PHB.

A takaitaccen bayani, Binciken VBM na yanzu da kuma aikin binciken haɗin aiki ya nuna ƙarancin matsala da kuma canza haɗin aiki a cikin gyrus na cikin mutane da PHB. Mafi mahimmanci, tsarin haɓaka da haɗin aikin aiki an haɗa shi da mummunar ƙwayar PHB. Wadannan binciken sun samar da sababbin abubuwan da suka dace a cikin hanyoyin da ake amfani dashi na PHB.

40) Tendances ga rashin amfani da labarun Intanit: Differences tsakanin maza da mata game da sha'awar hankali ga hadarin bidiyo (2018) - [karfin haɓaka mai yawa / jijiyar ra'ayi, haɓakacciyar haɓaka]. Excerpts

Yawancin marubuta sunyi la'akari da rashin amfani da batuttukan Intanit (IPD) a matsayin rikici. Ɗaya daga cikin hanyoyin da aka yi nazari a hankali-da kuma rashin amfani da kayan amfani shi ne ingantaccen ra'ayi ga abubuwan da ake danganta da jita-jita. Ana nuna bambanci a hankali kamar yadda tsarin tunanin mutum ya shafi wanda ya shafi abin da ya shafi jarabawar da aka samu ta hanyar jin daɗin haɗakarwa na kwarewar kanta. Ana tsammanin a cikin tsarin I-PACE cewa a cikin mutane suna iya haifar da bayyanar ta IPD da halayen kwakwalwa da maƙasudin hankulan su da kuma karuwa a cikin tsarin jaraba. Don bincika muhimmancin sha'awar ci gaban IPD, mun bincika samfurin 174 maza da mata. An auna ragamar hankali tare da Taswirar Nuna Kayayyakin Kira, wanda mahalarta zasu amsa akan kibiyoyi suna bayyana bayan hotunan batsa ko tsaka tsaki. Bugu da ƙari, mahalarta dole ne su nuna sha'awar haɗuwarsu ta hanyar hotunan batsa. Bugu da ƙari kuma, an auna dabi'un zuwa ga IPD ta yin amfani da jarrabawar Intanet na Intanet. Sakamakon wannan binciken ya nuna dangantaka tsakanin kulawa da hankali da kuma bayyanar cututtuka na IPD da wasu alamun sunyi maƙasudin su don magancewa da haɓaka. Duk da yake maza da mata sukan bambanta a lokuta masu yawa saboda hotuna batsa, sharuddan gyaran rikice-rikice da aka tsara ya nuna cewa sha'awar hankali yana faruwa ne kawai daga jima'i a cikin yanayin bayyanar IPD. Sakamakon ya goyi bayan tunanin da aka yi game da tsarin I-PACE game da jin daɗin haɓaka na jita-jita game da jita-jita kuma suna daidai da nazarin magance rikici da haɓakawa a cikin rashin amfani da amfani.

Tare da waɗannan nazarin binciken neuro:

  1. 3 babban kwakwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwayar cuta ta canzawa: sanarwa, lalatawa, Da kuma hypofrontality.
  2. Ƙarin yin amfani da batsa ya haɗa da ƙananan launin toka a cikin ladaran sakamako (dorsal striatum).
  3. Ƙarin yin amfani da batsa yana haɓaka tare da ƙaramiyar kunnawa a yayin da yake kallon hotunan jima'i.
  4. Ƙarin yin amfani da batsa yana haɗuwa tare da raunana haɗin haɗin kan tsakanin ladaran lada da kodayake.
  5. Addicts yana da mafi girman aiki na farko ga jima'i, amma ƙananan ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar kwakwalwa (dace da maganin miyagun ƙwayoyi).
  6. Yin amfani da hotuna / tsaura zuwa batsa da suka danganci mafi girma jinkirta rangwame (rashin yiwuwar jinkirta jinkirin). Wannan alama ce ta rashin talauci.
  7. 60% na batutuwa masu lalata batsa a cikin wani binciken da aka samu ED ko low libido tare da abokan tarayya, amma ba tare da batsa ba: duk sun bayyana cewa batsa ta yanar gizo yana amfani da labarun ED / low libido.
  8. Ƙawataccen ra'ayi kwatankwacin masu amfani da miyagun ƙwayoyi. Nuna nunawa (samfurin of DeltaFosb).
  9. Mafi girma da sha'awar batsa, amma ba mafi girma ba. Wannan ya danganta tare da karbar karbar jaraba - haɓaka mai ƙarfafawa.
  10. Hotuna masu tsaka-tsalle suna da fifiko mafi kyau ga jima'i amma ƙwayar jikinsu suna cike da sauri zuwa hotunan jima'i. Ba a daɗe ba.
  11. Ƙananan masu amfani da batsa sun fi mayar da martani a cikin ladabi.
  12. Mafi Girma EEG (P300) karatun lokacin da masu amfani da batsa suka fallasa su a kan batutuwa (abin da ke faruwa a cikin wasu ƙari).
  13. Ƙananan sha'awar yin jima'i da mutum yana haɓakawa tare da haɓakawa mai zurfi ga hotuna hotuna.
  14. Ƙarin yin amfani da batsa yana haɓaka da ƙananan LPP amplitude lokacin da ke kallon jima'i na hotuna: yana nuna haɓakawa ko ɓoyewa.
  15. Hessar HPA da ba ta dace ba da kuma canza yanayin kwakwalwar kwakwalwa, wanda ke faruwa a cikin miyagun ƙwayoyi (da kuma girma amygdala, wadda ke haɗe da damuwa ta zamantakewa).
  16. Hanyoyin cututtuka na canzawa a kan kwayoyin tsakiya ta hanyar mayar da hankali ga dan Adam da kuma dangantaka da jaraba.
  17. Matsayi mafi girma daga ƙwayoyin Necrosis Factor (TNF) - wanda ke faruwa a cikin cin zarafin miyagun ƙwayoyi da kuma buri.
  18. A kasawa a cikin jiki cortex launin toka abu; rashin haɗin kai tsakanin kamfanoni na gida da wasu yankuna

Print Friendly, PDF & Email